Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:
Abstract : Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is one of the treatment strategies used in Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Many factors influence prognosis in acute coronary syndrome. Thyroid hormones play a critical role in cardiac and vascular physiology, and hypothyroidism has significant cardiovascular consequences, even if hormone levels are only slightly altered. This study aims to explore prognosis in patients with ACS and preexisting thyroid stimulating hormone defects (TSH) who undergo PCI surgery. Methods: The TSH was an independent indicator of 1-year all-cause mortality in euthyroid patients with ACS who underwent PCI. A retrospective cohort study was conducted by review of records of all patients who had TSH abnormalities and underwent PCI between 2017 and 2021 in the Department of Medicine at King Abdulaziz University Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Results: We reviewed records of up to 500 coronary care unit patients with TSH levels above 4 mlU/L or below 0.4 mlU/L who had PCI procedures. The study included 152 adult patients. Out of those, 94 (61.8%) had a successful procedure, while 58 (38.2%) developed complications including recurrence, requiring coronary artery bypass grafting, heart failure, and death. Conclusion: TSH level has a strong relation with prognosis in patients undergoing PCI. Controlling thyroid hormone levels minimizes postoperative complications. More studies are needed to help us improve patient health.
Abstract : Emotional intelligence has significant effect on the quality of learning and application of the learned knowledge in practice. Its usage is currently being understood as a fundamental requirement of health professional in care provision to patients and helps health professional in managing their own and their patients’ emotions. The main aim of this study is to assess the level of emotional intelligence and associated factor among undergraduate Health Science students. Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 154 Undergraduate Health Science Students. Structured self- administered questionnaires were used to collect data. The collected data was entered by using Epidata version 3.1then exported to IBM SPSS version 20 for analysis for analysis. Descriptive statistics and multivariable linear analysis were done to describe and identify study variables and factors associated with the level of emotional intelligence. P- Value of less than 0.05 was used to declare the statistical significance. Among the 154 students who participated in this study, about 88 (57.1%) of the students had high and 66(42.9%) had low level of emotional intelligence. The results also revealed that there is statistically significant association between age, educational status of family members, substance use and Career development plan with the level of emotional intelligence among the study participants. The study concluded that the overall level of Emotional Intelligence among the st
Abstract : Ergonomic positions commonly performed by dental and oral health service activities are repetitive movements, unnatural hand positions, static work positions, etc. Hand stretching exercises are proven to reduce tingling and weakness of hand diseases such as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Cubital Tunnel Syndrome. The effect of outreach of hand stretching exercise on the level of symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Cubital Tunnel Syndrome in students of the Polytechnic of Health Sciences Jakarta I. BCTQ and Katz Hand Diagram were used to determine the level of symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Cubital Tunnel Syndrome as pre-test and post-test. 14 participants had taken the questionnaire and found 11 participants showing improvement and 3 participants showing decreasing symptom levels. Stretching exercises and activity modifications had significant results in reducing the number of symptoms of participants who followed the counseling recommendations, Include the objective assessments more accurately determine symptom levels and disease types, apply more structured research patterns to prevent participants from dropping out from the procedure. The socialization will be successful if the participants follow the recommendations given. The point of any indicative strategy is speed and a decrease in turnaround time. This turns into an urgent need, especially for unbearable basic infections
Abstract : Abstract— Currently, Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) are the main cause of death for 36 million (63%) of all deaths that occur in worldwide, of which around 29 million (80%) actually occur in developing countries (WHO, 2010). The increase in deaths due to NCDs in the future is projected to continue to occur by 15% (44 million deaths) with a time span between 2010 and 2020. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the family support model and control card for non-communicable disease risk factors (NCDs) as a media for health promotion on the practice of controlling NCDs risk factors. The research design used was a quasi-experimental design. The research location was in the South Jakarta area. The time of the research was August to October 2018. Sampling used purposive sampling technique. The average pre-test NCDs risk factor control practice in the intervention group increased after the intervention/health education (post-test) was given and there was also a significant change in risk factor control practice between the pre-test and post-test. The results of statistical tests obtained p value = 0.001 so it could be concluded that there was a change in the practice of controlling NCDs risk factors between the pre test and post test. Another factor related to the practice of controlling NCDs risk factors was the level of knowledge. Respondents who have good knowledge have 23 times the opportunity to carry out the practice of controlling NCDs risk factors compare
Abstract : Foreign body impaction in the oesophagus is a relatively common emergency. The most frequently implicated objects include dentures, fish bone and metallic objects and are usually accidental. Voluntary ingestion of whole Kola nut (Cola nitida) and its subsequent oesophageal impaction has rarely been reported by few authors. Oesophagoscopy remains the gold standard for the diagnosis and management of oesophageal foreign body impaction. Failed endoscopic retrieval is an indication for surgical intervention. Late presentation and delay in the removal of the impacted object is associated with the development of complications which can lead to significant morbidity and possible mortality. This case report highlights the rare occurrence of ingestion and subsequent impaction of kola nut in the oesophagus and the mortality that may be seen with delayed presentation and intervention.