About

Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal is an open access, monthly, peer reviewed International Medical Journal with focuses on publishes research conducted in all fields of medical, medicine. There is no restriction on the length of research papers and reviews, although authors are encouraged to be concise. Sapporo Medical Journal is a scopus indexed International Medical Journal that wants to publish original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medicine, General Medicine, Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody etc.
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Medicine Microbiology Biochemistry Pharmacology Pathology Forensic medicine Internal Medicine Physiology Anatomy Obstetrics and Gynecology Radiology Community Medicine Otorhinolaryngology Infectious Diseases General Surgery Cancer research Pulmonary Dermatology and Venereal diseases Orthopedics Neurology Anaesthesia Medical education Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology Neurosurgery Gastroenterology Nephrology Paediatrics Reproduction Dental Cardiology Surgery Nursing Otolaryngology Dermatology Diabetes Orthopaedics Hepatology Urology Psychology Anesthesiology Endocrinology Biotechnology Venereology ENT Psychiatry Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pulmonology Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Pharmacognosy Biopharmaceutics Phatmaceutical Technology Quality Assurance Pharmacodynamics Pharmacokinetics Drug Regulatory Industrial Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology Drug Design Affairs Phytochemistry Drug Delivery Systems Drug Discovery Pharmaceutical Microbiology Pharmacy Practice Hospital Pharmacy Clinical Pharmacy Pharmacogenomics Drug Metabolism Pharmacovigilance Toxicology Clinical Research Microbiology Phrmacoinformatics Life Sciences like Chemistry Epidemiology Biomedical Sciences Immunology Dentistry Oncology Biomedicine Physiotherapy Sexology Neuroscience Gynaecology Dermatoepidemiology Pharmacy and Nursing Angiology/Vascular Medicine Osteology Ophthalmology Haematology Kinesiology Critical care Medicine Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Clinical immunology Bariatrics Genomics and Proteomics Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy Radiobiology Cell Biology Geriatric Medicine Healthcare Services Healthcare Management Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
Paper ID : SMJ1001235701545
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Zainab Alnasser, Muteb Almulhim, Abdulrahman A. Alnaim, Hussain A. Al Ghadeer, Khalid Al Noaim, Mohammed A. Al Ghamdi, Abdulaziz A. Alahmari, Zainab Al Alawi, Muneera Alabdulqader,

Abstract : Background: Foreign body ingestion is a common problem among children, with high morbidity and fatality rates. Coin was the most commonly reported kind of foreign body ingestion. Coins were not often used in Saudi Arabia until a new series of coins was produced in 2016. This study was carried out to determine the types, locations, and results of foreign bodies, as well as to analyze the rate of coin ingestion before and after the coins were distributed and utilized in the country. Methodology: This study was carried out as a retrospective comparison study at the maternity and children hospital in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, in 2015 and 202. The patients were divided into two groups: pre-coin exchange 2015 (26 patients) and post-coin exchange 2021 (26 patients) (82 patients). Results: The study comprised a total of 108 patients of foreign body ingestion, with a mean age of (4.1 ± 2.4). Significant correlations (p < 0.05) were found between the two groups (2015, pre-coin exchange), (2021, post-coin exchange) in the elements of incidence of foreign body ingestion in general, coin ingestion, and rate of admission were considerably higher in year 2021 post-coin exchange. Conclusion: The prevalence of foreign body ingestion, particularly coin, has risen in Saudi Arabia after the implementation of the currency exchange initiative. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of foreign body ingestion are essential for avoiding adverse outcomes.

Paper ID : SMJ0801235701544
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Salwa, M. Rabie, Rasha, S.R. Saleh, Amr, A. A. Tosson, Hussin M. Said,

Abstract : Background: Medical students are at high risk to depression and/or anxiety. Group psychotherapy using the Four-step Model is one of the treatments in Minia Egypt. Online group therapy, a relatively new modality is to be investigated for helping medical students suffering from depression and anxiety. The aim: To assess the efficacy of online group psychotherapy in Minia University in Egypt for depression, anxiety and quality of life in female medical students. Subjects and Method: The studied online psychotherapy group was arranged for adult female medical students (in different medical faculties). 14 subjects were diagnosed as depression or anxiety or both according to DSM-5. The 1st group session was on October 2020 on ZOOM Cloud Meetings application for one year. Participants were assessed pre group, after 6 month and post group by Hamilton Depression Scale(HAM-D), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) and 36-item Short Form questionnaire for quality of life(SF-36). Results: 14 participants were included in the study. There were statistically significant results regarding effect of the used model on improving depressive and\or anxiety symptoms added to its significant effect on improving the quality of life. Also, there is positive correlation between changes in HAM-D & HAM-A with negative correlation between changes in HAM-D & HAM-A and SF-36 score. Conclusion: Online Four-Step Model group psychotherapy is effective for depression and anxiety in female medical students a

Paper ID : SMJ0401235701543
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Abdulrahman Ahmad Alnaim, Hussain Adil Al Ghadeer, Khalid Al Noaim, Muneera Alabdulqader, Zainab Al Alawi, Ghadeer Ali Alaliwat, Mohammed F Lardhi, Khaled Al Ahmad, Layan Yousef Al Bassam, Wejdan Essa Al Rasheed, Ahmed M. Al Ghamdi, Mohammed A. Al Ghamdi, Abdulaziz A. Alahmari, Ahmad Adnan Abid1, Meteb almelhem,

Abstract : During the summer, the consumption of cold drinks and ice cream rises, and it is widely believed that they are one of the causes of the common cold and sore throat in children, despite the fact that no scientific research have shown this causative association.The purpose of this research is to examine parents' expectations about ice cream, cold drinks, and hot beverages, as well as their effect on their children's common cold and sore throat. This was a cross-sectional study carried out in the Eastern region of Saudi Arabia. The study was conducted between 2021 to 2022. A self-administrated questionnaire was distributed to all the caregivers who are attending general pediatric clinics. Three hundred seventy-one participants met inclusion creteria , with the majority (59.8%) were mothers. Sixty percent of parents believe that consuming cold drinks and ice cream might lead their children to have cold symptoms. Our respondents had symptoms after the consumption of ice cream (45%) or cold drinks (22.4%). Intriguingly, thirty percent (30.2%) of respondents stated that cold drinks or ice cream ameliorated their symptoms. The majority of parents believed that their children would get a sore throat or a common cold after drinking cold drinks or eating ice cream. Further investigation is necessary to determine the elements that impact parental attitudr and practice toward their children's intake of cold drinks and ice cream.

Paper ID : SMJ0401235701542
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : dr. Agnes Indah Nugraheni, dr. Ketut Ratna Dewi Wijayanti, Sp.OG, Subsp. KFM, MARS, dr. I Made Bayu Surya Dana,

Abstract : The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19), a respiratory infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2), began in December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei province, spreading across China and then globally. The D-dimer concentrations of patients with COVID-19 in the third trimester were found relatively higher than those of uninfected pregnant women. This report aim to summarize the current evidence of D-dimer level in pregnant and non-pregnant woman with and without Covid-19. On December 5, 2022, two databases including ScienceDirect and PubMed was searched to review and mine the latest published information about pregnancy, Covid-19, and D-dimer in the literature. After screening articles by removing duplicates and reading the abstract, 34 studies were considered to be relevant and included in this systematic review. Collected 23 about D-dimer level in pregnant woman with Covid-19 infection, 4 studies about D-dimer level in pregnant woman with Covid-19 infection vs pregnant woman without Covid-19 infection, and 7 studies about D-dimer level in pregnant woman with Covid-19 infection vs non-pregnant woman with Covid-19 infection. In view of fact that D-dimer level is high in pregnant patients, pregnant patient with covid-19 infection, and pregnant patient with severe symptomatic Covid-19 infection. D-dimer monitoring will be important in the clinical practice of pregnant woman with Covid-19 infection.

Paper ID : SMJ2912225612541

Abstract : Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis that is more predominant in males and inversely correlated with age. Objectives: This study was designed to explore a correlation between hepatitis C viremia and sociodemographic characteristics. Patients and Methods: Two hundred twenty-nine HCV-positive patients at the Teaching Hospital for Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq, were included in this study from July 2021 to December 2022. Patients’ sociodemographic characteristics, including age and gender, were also collected using a self-designed questionnaire. The patient’s blood type, Rh factor, and viral load were also determined. Results: The findings showed that most of the patients (n=96, 41.92%) were aged ≥45 years, males (n=134, 58.51%) with blood type O (n= 126, 55%) and had Rh-positive (n=213, 93%). On the other hand, males had a higher mean viral load (5.47 log10 IU/mL) than females (5.16 log10 IU/mL). Also, patients with blood type AB had higher mean viral load (5.6 log10 IU/mL) than other blood types (5.16, 5.33, and 5.39 log10 IU/mL mean viral loads for A, B, and O blood groups, respectively). In addition, the patients with Rh-positive factor (n=213) had a higher mean viral load (5.37 log10 IU/mL) than the Rh-negative factor (n=16) which had 4.96 log10 IU/mL. Conclusion: We concluded that age and gender were more severely impacted by HCV viremia. Additionally, blood group type and Rh-factor were