About

Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal is an open access, monthly, peer reviewed International Medical Journal with focuses on publishes research conducted in all fields of medical, medicine. There is no restriction on the length of research papers and reviews, although authors are encouraged to be concise. Sapporo Medical Journal is a scopus indexed International Medical Journal that wants to publish original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medicine, General Medicine, Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody etc.
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Medicine Microbiology Biochemistry Pharmacology Pathology Forensic medicine Internal Medicine Physiology Anatomy Obstetrics and Gynecology Radiology Community Medicine Otorhinolaryngology Infectious Diseases General Surgery Cancer research Pulmonary Dermatology and Venereal diseases Orthopedics Neurology Anaesthesia Medical education Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology Neurosurgery Gastroenterology Nephrology Paediatrics Reproduction Dental Cardiology Surgery Nursing Otolaryngology Dermatology Diabetes Orthopaedics Hepatology Urology Psychology Anesthesiology Endocrinology Biotechnology Venereology ENT Psychiatry Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pulmonology Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Pharmacognosy Biopharmaceutics Phatmaceutical Technology Quality Assurance Pharmacodynamics Pharmacokinetics Drug Regulatory Industrial Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology Drug Design Affairs Phytochemistry Drug Delivery Systems Drug Discovery Pharmaceutical Microbiology Pharmacy Practice Hospital Pharmacy Clinical Pharmacy Pharmacogenomics Drug Metabolism Pharmacovigilance Toxicology Clinical Research Microbiology Phrmacoinformatics Life Sciences like Chemistry Epidemiology Biomedical Sciences Immunology Dentistry Oncology Biomedicine Physiotherapy Sexology Neuroscience Gynaecology Dermatoepidemiology Pharmacy and Nursing Angiology/Vascular Medicine Osteology Ophthalmology Haematology Kinesiology Critical care Medicine Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Clinical immunology Bariatrics Genomics and Proteomics Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy Radiobiology Cell Biology Geriatric Medicine Healthcare Services Healthcare Management Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
Paper ID : SMJ3110225610513
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Zuhal Yassin Hamd, Huda I. AL- Mohammed, Lulwah A. Aldossari, Rasmaa R. Aldawsari, Hayam A. Almatrafi,, Sultanah M. Alkhalifah, Hissah F. Almutairi, Hana S. Alobthani, Reem F. Alkathairi, Basim A .Alhomida,

Abstract : In Saudi Arabia, colorectal carcinoma is the second most common type of cancer. According to the Saudi Health Council, 1,659 colorectal cancer cases were diagnosed in Saudi nationals in 2016, accounting for 12.6% of all newly diagnosed colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to detect colorectal cancer in Saudi patients by determining the diagnostic accuracy of contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT). This retrospective study was conducted in King Fahad medical city, computed tomography (CT) department during the period from February to May 2019. 54 patients were scanned using a convenience sampling technique, contrast-enhanced CT was performed, Sensitivity and Specificity of (CECT) were calculated to evaluate detection of colorectal cancer. A social science statistical package (SPSS) was used to analyze the data .The study found that there were 54 patients with colorectal cancer, 57.4% were males, while 42.6% were females. . The patients' average age was 54.28±13.171 years. Contrast enhanced computed tomography demonstrated an 87% accuracy of diagnosis, with a sensitivity of 89.36% and a specificity of 50% (P<05). The study concluded that CECT (contrast enhanced computed tomography) is a non-invasive imaging modality that used to diagnose and differentiate colorectal lesions., with a sensitivity of 89.36% and a specificity of 50%.

Paper ID : SMJ2410225610509

Abstract : Hypovitaminosis D can result from a disruption in any part of the vitamin D metabolism and can occur at any age. Common manifestations of vitamin D deficiency are symmetric low back pain, muscle weakness, muscle pain, and throbbing bone pain. Reduced bone mass combined with muscle weakness can lead to falls and fractures. The biologically active form of vitamin D, 1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol, exerts its effect on calcium and phosphate metabolism via specific nuclear receptors. One of the diverse biological roles of vitamin D is its effect on pain sensitivity. The nociceptive, neuropathic, and psychological components of pain are regulated by both the central and peripheral nervous systems. The immune system also has a role in pain through its effects on inflammatory processes. Studies have postulated an important role of vitamin D in the regulatory mechanisms of both central and peripheral components of pain sensitivity by its action on central pain sensitization and immune modulation. Vitamin D supplementation has been proven to be beneficial in the prevention and treatment of chronic pain conditions on several occasions. A host of new and more focused research involving large RCTs is necessary for this field.

Paper ID : SMJ0510225610508
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Mohamed Yasser Ibrahim Daoud,

Abstract : Minimally invasive video assisted endoscopic thyroidectomy (MIVAT) is currently well documented for treating minimal and moderate size thyroid swelling. Yet, it has not been widely used for excising large goiters. The current preliminary report was designed to evaluate feasibility and efficacy of MIVAT for the radical excision of huge goiters. This is a prospective study for the period of 24 month from January 2015 to February 2017. Patients with huge goiter were included; however, those with retrosternal extensions were excluded. Minimally invasive thyroidectomy through a cervical approach were adopted in all cases. Seven patients underwent this technique they were 6 females 85.7 % and only one male 14.3 %. The mean operative time was 2.4 hours ± 0.3 only one patient was converted into open technique due to hemorrhage. Conclusion: The obtained data of this preliminary report is encouraging to apply this technique as a routine for any case of goiter especially the huge type due to its good results. However, the cost effectiveness should be well calculated.

Paper ID : SMJ2509225609507
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Abdullah Fahad Alwadani, Bayan Salman Alshuhayb, Kaberi B Feroze, Muhannad Mohammed Alwadany, Abdullah khalid AlWadani, Faisal Mohsen AlWadani,

Abstract : One of the most significant medical events in current times is the emergence of the novel corona virus, Health authorities in many countries, including Saudi Arabia, imposed lock downs and restricted free movement to contain the pandemic, which in turn, has affected the daily life of people, markedly limiting travel and social interactions. This cross-sectional study was performed to assess the influence of the COVID 19 pandemic on contact lens wear and usage in Saudi Arabia, and factors responsible for the same. This cross-sectional study was conducted using online questionnaire to study the pattern of contact lens compliance, practices and possible apprehensions among contact lens wearers during the pandemic and the factors responsible for them. 465 responses to the online questionnaire, 344 responses of contact lens users were included in the present study. Almost 78% of the respondents belonged to the 18-30-year age group. Of the 344 participants, 322 were female and 22 were male, majority of the participants used monthly replacement lenses (74.7%). Most of them were using lenses for more than 2 years (74.1%). this study showed that the COVID 19 pandemic has managed to affect every aspect of an individual’s life, contact lens wear being one of them. However, what is worrying is that there were no significant precautionary measures adopted in those who continued use. Increased patient education to minimize the risk of infections and proper contact lens handling practices

Paper ID : SMJ2109225609505
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Yasser A. Abdelghani, Al Shimaa Ismael Roushdy,

Abstract : Introduction: Critical component of a successful colonoscopy is adequate bowel preparation. Inadequate preparation has negative effects on both the community as a whole and individuals. Objective We aimed to determine the effect of poor bowel preparation on patient willing’s to repeat colonoscopy. Patients and methods of 122 patients undergoing colonoscopy in Minia university hospital was conducted between June 1, 2021, and June 1, 2022. All data were analyzed using SPSS, version 18.0. Results A total of 122 outpatients were enrolled in the study. They were divided into two equal groups according to the degree of bowel preparation: good and very good bowel preparation (group 1, n= 96), and poor bowel preparation (group 2, n=26). Baseline characteristics, were comparable between the two groups. Of the 122 colonoscopies, cecal intubation failed in 7 cases of 96 of (group 1) (7.3%) and failed in 23 cases of 26 of (group 2) (88.5%); with a significant difference (p= 0.001). Pain severity and anxiety score was significantly higher in group 2 than group 1 (p=0.0001There is a statistically significant difference in the mean (SD) score for willingness to accept to repeat colonoscopy between groups 1 and 2 (6.29±1.44 vs 2.7± 1.3; P = 0.001). Conclusion Poor bowel preparation not only had a significant association with cecal intubation failure rate but also it decreases the patient willingness to repeat the examination.