About

Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal is an open access, monthly, peer reviewed International Medical Journal with focuses on publishes research conducted in all fields of medical, medicine. There is no restriction on the length of research papers and reviews, although authors are encouraged to be concise. Sapporo Medical Journal is a scopus indexed International Medical Journal that wants to publish original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medicine, General Medicine, Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody etc.
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Medicine Microbiology Biochemistry Pharmacology Pathology Forensic medicine Internal Medicine Physiology Anatomy Obstetrics and Gynecology Radiology Community Medicine Otorhinolaryngology Infectious Diseases General Surgery Cancer research Pulmonary Dermatology and Venereal diseases Orthopedics Neurology Anaesthesia Medical education Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology Neurosurgery Gastroenterology Nephrology Paediatrics Reproduction Dental Cardiology Surgery Nursing Otolaryngology Dermatology Diabetes Orthopaedics Hepatology Urology Psychology Anesthesiology Endocrinology Biotechnology Venereology ENT Psychiatry Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pulmonology Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Pharmacognosy Biopharmaceutics Phatmaceutical Technology Quality Assurance Pharmacodynamics Pharmacokinetics Drug Regulatory Industrial Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology Drug Design Affairs Phytochemistry Drug Delivery Systems Drug Discovery Pharmaceutical Microbiology Pharmacy Practice Hospital Pharmacy Clinical Pharmacy Pharmacogenomics Drug Metabolism Pharmacovigilance Toxicology Clinical Research Microbiology Phrmacoinformatics Life Sciences like Chemistry Epidemiology Biomedical Sciences Immunology Dentistry Oncology Biomedicine Physiotherapy Sexology Neuroscience Gynaecology Dermatoepidemiology Pharmacy and Nursing Angiology/Vascular Medicine Osteology Ophthalmology Haematology Kinesiology Critical care Medicine Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Clinical immunology Bariatrics Genomics and Proteomics Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy Radiobiology Cell Biology Geriatric Medicine Healthcare Services Healthcare Management Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
Paper ID : SMJ2010215510396

Abstract : The focus of the study was to evaluate the effect of the bootstrapping method on an applied sciences study. In this case study, a set of data from the design of an experiment (DOE) was taken which consisted of 20 observations, which is specifically design for Two-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). After reorganizing the data according to the specific template, a regression approach to one-factor Analysis of variance was used for the best model fitting which considering all the factor levels. At first, the regression was fit through the origin data. Second, the bootstrapped method was applied towards the origin data through SAS syntax in order to obtained large sample data, then the obtained data was used for regression fitting. The regression results with and without bootstrap was compared according to the parameter of estimated coefficient beta, standard error and the obtained p-value. To validate the obtained model, a multilayer perceptron neural network was applied, the Mean Error (ME), Mean Absolute Error (MAE) and Maximum Error were compared towards training, testing and validation procedure. As a conclusion, the regression approach through bootstrapping to one-factor Analysis of variance was a significant methodology. The mean error (ME) and mean absolute error (MAE) of the measurement of the model accuracy are relatively similar to the training, testing, and validation. Small error measurement was showing the high accuracy of the developed model. Hence, it can be conclu

Paper ID : SMJ1910215510395
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Ahmad A. Alsolmi, Mohannad A. Al-Zahrani, Abdulrahman M. Banasser, Marwan A. Bader, Naif A. Al-Ansari, Omar A. Al-Sulami, Abdulrahman J. Sabbagh,

Abstract : Smartphone addiction may be considered one of the most prevalent habits in Saudi Arabia, with users ranging between 41 and 44 million. This addiction has a debilitating impact, including increase in headaches. We aim to determine the relationship between smartphone addiction and headaches among medical students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. This cross-sectional study involved 429 medical students of the faculty of Medicine at King Abdulaziz University. Data were collected by an electronic self-reported questionnaire containing demographic questions and scales for smartphone addiction (SAS-SV), headache impact on participants’ lives (HIT-6), and headache assessment questions. Data were entered into Microsoft Excel and analyzed using SPSS version 21. Pearson’s chi-square was used to determine the significance of the relationships. The results showed that more than half of the participants were addicted to using smartphones. Statistical analysis found no significant relation between smartphone addiction and headache frequency throughout students’ lives. However, there is a significant relationship between headache impact and addiction. Furthermore, there is also a significant relationship between avoidance of activities and addiction. Smartphone addiction negatively affects medical students by increasing the impact of headaches on their lives, which is worse than addiction by nature. An alternative for the excessive use of smartphones should be introduced.

Paper ID : SMJ1310215510394
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Alghamdi, Ibrahim Saeed A, AL Zahrani, Adel Abdulrahman S, Ammar Adeeb Bader Hejji, Nahhas, Ali Adnan A, Ebani, Wael Khalid A, Ahmed Sulaiman Fallatah, Mohammed Qutub,

Abstract : Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is one of the treatment strategies used in Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Many factors influence prognosis in acute coronary syndrome. Thyroid hormones play a critical role in cardiac and vascular physiology, and hypothyroidism has significant cardiovascular consequences, even if hormone levels are only slightly altered. This study aims to explore prognosis in patients with ACS and preexisting thyroid stimulating hormone defects (TSH) who undergo PCI surgery. Methods: The TSH was an independent indicator of 1-year all-cause mortality in euthyroid patients with ACS who underwent PCI. A retrospective cohort study was conducted by review of records of all patients who had TSH abnormalities and underwent PCI between 2017 and 2021 in the Department of Medicine at King Abdulaziz University Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Results: We reviewed records of up to 500 coronary care unit patients with TSH levels above 4 mlU/L or below 0.4 mlU/L who had PCI procedures. The study included 152 adult patients. Out of those, 94 (61.8%) had a successful procedure, while 58 (38.2%) developed complications including recurrence, requiring coronary artery bypass grafting, heart failure, and death. Conclusion: TSH level has a strong relation with prognosis in patients undergoing PCI. Controlling thyroid hormone levels minimizes postoperative complications. More studies are needed to help us improve patient health.

Paper ID : SMJ1110215510393
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Admasu Belay Gizaw, Abiy Ismael Faris, Bayisa Bereka Negussie, Abebe Amare Tiku, Abiru Neme Negewo, Leul Mekonin Zeru (,

Abstract : Emotional intelligence has significant effect on the quality of learning and application of the learned knowledge in practice. Its usage is currently being understood as a fundamental requirement of health professional in care provision to patients and helps health professional in managing their own and their patients’ emotions. The main aim of this study is to assess the level of emotional intelligence and associated factor among undergraduate Health Science students. Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 154 Undergraduate Health Science Students. Structured self- administered questionnaires were used to collect data. The collected data was entered by using Epidata version 3.1then exported to IBM SPSS version 20 for analysis for analysis. Descriptive statistics and multivariable linear analysis were done to describe and identify study variables and factors associated with the level of emotional intelligence. P- Value of less than 0.05 was used to declare the statistical significance. Among the 154 students who participated in this study, about 88 (57.1%) of the students had high and 66(42.9%) had low level of emotional intelligence. The results also revealed that there is statistically significant association between age, educational status of family members, substance use and Career development plan with the level of emotional intelligence among the study participants. The study concluded that the overall level of Emotional Intelligence among the st

Paper ID : SMJ1010215510392
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Agusni Karma, Tri Riana Lestari, Dhanny Widhata Mahardhika, Andi Johan Prayoga,

Abstract : Ergonomic positions commonly performed by dental and oral health service activities are repetitive movements, unnatural hand positions, static work positions, etc. Hand stretching exercises are proven to reduce tingling and weakness of hand diseases such as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Cubital Tunnel Syndrome. The effect of outreach of hand stretching exercise on the level of symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Cubital Tunnel Syndrome in students of the Polytechnic of Health Sciences Jakarta I. BCTQ and Katz Hand Diagram were used to determine the level of symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Cubital Tunnel Syndrome as pre-test and post-test. 14 participants had taken the questionnaire and found 11 participants showing improvement and 3 participants showing decreasing symptom levels. Stretching exercises and activity modifications had significant results in reducing the number of symptoms of participants who followed the counseling recommendations, Include the objective assessments more accurately determine symptom levels and disease types, apply more structured research patterns to prevent participants from dropping out from the procedure. The socialization will be successful if the participants follow the recommendations given. The point of any indicative strategy is speed and a decrease in turnaround time. This turns into an urgent need, especially for unbearable basic infections