Author : Halima sabri Hawesa, Huda Ibrahim Almohammad,

Abstract : Introduction: Osteoporosis defined as the low bone density disease, causing an increase in fragility of the bone skeleton. The impact of lifestyle, such as physical exercise, has shown a strong linkage with the osteoporosis. Females in modern Saudi society are also exposed to such heightened risks as they adopt a more sedentary lifestyle due to economic affluence and technological advancement. Objective: Evaluate the relationship between the instance of osteoporosis and habit of physical exercise among a cross-sample of Saudi women Methods: A cross-sectional study with sample consisted of 100 Saudi females in the age group of 19 to 58 years. The T-test of independence determined the relationship between bone mineral density and physical exercise. The measurements consisted of values of broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and speed of sound (SOS). The DMS Pegasus Smart Bone Densitometer, with a Caucasian setting and measurement of the right calcaneus bone. The participants placed into two categories, one with no regular exercise used as a control group where the second one was the target group. This study was approved by the Ethical and Research Committee of Princess Nourah University. Result and Conclusion: Participants with higher BMI had reduced bone density. Therefore, the adoption of healthier diets and the inclusion of active physical exercise habits in daily lives would help improve bone health. Middle-aged females who were doing high exercise levels had bette

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