Abstract : Abstract Background: Self-care practices aimed at perineal health have gained attention for their potential to bolster postpartum recovery, alleviate discomfort, and forestall enduring issues. Objective This study aimed to investigate the multifaceted dimensions of self-care practices for perineal health among Primiparous Women. Method: Employing a descriptive-analytic (cross-sectional) approach, the research involved 260 Primiparous Women at a Maternity Teaching Hospital in Sulaimani City. Data collection transpired over four consecutive months from September 2022 to March 2023 through direct interviews employing a questionnaire encompassing Maternal Demographic Characteristics and Postnatal Self-care practices. The results revealed that the postnatal self-care practice awareness was diverse: 45.4% displayed poor awareness, 44.2% exhibited fair awareness following an episiotomy, and 10.4% showcased good awareness. In conclusion, this study underscores the significance of addressing perineal health via self-care practices, given their potential for augmenting postpartum recovery, alleviating discomfort, and averting long-term complications. The research accentuates an alarming trend in postnatal self-care practice awareness, highlighting a substantial portion of participants with limited awareness. This underscores the urgency of targeted interventions and educational efforts to cultivate enhanced self-care practices among Primiparous Women, fostering better perineal health

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