Author : Mohammed Abdulrahman Basheikh, Mohammed Ahmed Bashanfar, Fahad Abdulrahman Alzahrani, Mohammed Abdullatif Basheikh, Faisal I. Abosoudah, Abdulraheem Adnan Almokhtar,

Abstract : Background: The global population is shifting toward a more advanced age. It is expected that the global population aged more than 60 years will reach 1.4 billion by the year 2030. Therefore, in this study, the functional health among Saudi community-dwelling older adults in Makkah province was assessed. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2019 to June 2020 in Makkah province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A total of 328 participants completed our survey. Qualitative variables were described in frequencies and percentages, while quantitative data were expressed in means ± standard deviations. In addition, P-values were calculated using the Pearson chi-square test to define the significance of the results. Result: Activity of daily living (ADL) score was significantly associated with older age, being divorced/separated/widowed, and the presence of more than three comorbidities (P < 0.001). Participants with a low ADL score were more likely to have never left home in the last month, had a fall in the last year, and have an inadequate income (P < 0.001). In addition, participants who were satisfied and happy with their life had a better average ADL score (P < 0.001). Conclusion: In conclusion, age, marital status, number of comorbidities, lack of satisfaction in life, falls, and income had an important effect on the prevalence of functional disability. Most of these factors are modifiable; therefore, practitioners should be aware of these factors to

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