Abstract : In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) a global outbreak or a pandemic. This brought to our mind the consequences of previous outbreaks to healthcare workers and their mental health. Earlier in 2020, a number of studies investigated the impact COVID-19 is thought to have on healthcare workers’ mental health and numerous studies investigated the importance of a healthy recovery for both health systems and healthcare workers post the pandemic. Until the drafting of this manuscript, early November 2020, more than 45 million cases were reported as COVID-19 positice in 124 countries around the globe, which sheds the light on the magnificent psychological impact assumed on healthcare workers. Therefore, this review article was carried out to investigate the significance of psychological outcomes amid and post COVID-19 pandemic as well as the risk factors predisposing these outcomes. We concluded that personal factors such as age, being single, living alone and perceived clinical experience, psychological factors such as maladaptive activities and previous psychological and psychiatric events, social and workplace related factors such as the working environment and the inter-peer relationship are predictive that some people are more prone to mental illnesses following the pandemic.