Abstract : Background:Vitamin D is an essential factor for body healthy especially in pregnant, deficiency of this vitamin is worldwide distributed health careincluding Middle East. The aim of the study is a determine the relationships between vitamin D concentration and some social and hematological parameters in pregnant women in Thi-Qar province/South of Iraq. Method:A comparative analytical study design was used with in Bint Al-Huda public hospital- and Al-Rahman gynecology and obstetrics private hospital /Thi-Qar-Southern of Iraq. In a period from September to November/2020, list of questionnaire includings: age, occupation, residence, miscarriage and trimester. specific investigation involving complete blood count and vitamin D level assay were done by coulter counter and immune fluorescence technique.. Results: the result showed high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency among the women under study with no significant differences among the group (p value = 0.887), and there are no significant relation between the age, occupation and residence with the vitamin D levels under (p value ≤ 0.05), while the results reveals significant differences in Hb, PCV and MCHC between groups under (p value = 0.014, 0.003, 0.045), respectively. Also, high level of correlation was seen between vitamin D concentration and hematologic parameters (Hb, PCV,MCHC) with significance correlation (p-value < 0.001). Conclusion:the high percent of women including pregnant in Iraq suffer from vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency and the socio-economic factor play a role in this status with the high correlation between vit. D level and Hb, PCV and MCHC levels of blood, diagnosis and treatment of vit. D deficiency with adequate 25(OH)D concentrations are critical to maintain a good health care for pregnant women. More studies are required to detects others factors related to this deficiency in Iraqi populations

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