Author : Robiyatun Amaliyah Ranti, Sudijanto Kamso, Evi Martha, Ali Nina Liche Seniati,

Abstract : Depression is a disorder that frequently develops, is more prevalent in the elderly, and is one of the leading causes of suicide. Additionally, one of the factors contributing to functional impairments, which are similar to chronic diseases, is depression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the types and doses of physical exercise that are useful for reducing depression symptoms in the elderly population. This study conducted a systematic review following the PRISMA statement and collected individual research studies from databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, Pedro, and google scholar. This Systematic Literature Review (SLR) of physical exercise with moderate intensity including aerobic exercise, strength exercise, multi-exercise program (MEP), and aquatic exercise was effective to reduce depression scores in healthy elderly and elderly without cognitive impairment. Additionally, exercise could improve the score of depression in the elderly with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

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