About

Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal is an open access, monthly, peer reviewed International Medical Journal with focuses on publishes research conducted in all fields of medical, medicine. There is no restriction on the length of research papers and reviews, although authors are encouraged to be concise. Sapporo Medical Journal is a scopus indexed International Medical Journal that wants to publish original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medicine, General Medicine, Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody etc.
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Medicine Microbiology Biochemistry Pharmacology Pathology Forensic medicine Internal Medicine Physiology Anatomy Obstetrics and Gynecology Radiology Community Medicine Otorhinolaryngology Infectious Diseases General Surgery Cancer research Pulmonary Dermatology and Venereal diseases Orthopedics Neurology Anaesthesia Medical education Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology Neurosurgery Gastroenterology Nephrology Paediatrics Reproduction Dental Cardiology Surgery Nursing Otolaryngology Dermatology Diabetes Orthopaedics Hepatology Urology Psychology Anesthesiology Endocrinology Biotechnology Venereology ENT Psychiatry Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pulmonology Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Pharmacognosy Biopharmaceutics Phatmaceutical Technology Quality Assurance Pharmacodynamics Pharmacokinetics Drug Regulatory Industrial Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology Drug Design Affairs Phytochemistry Drug Delivery Systems Drug Discovery Pharmaceutical Microbiology Pharmacy Practice Hospital Pharmacy Clinical Pharmacy Pharmacogenomics Drug Metabolism Pharmacovigilance Toxicology Clinical Research Microbiology Phrmacoinformatics Life Sciences like Chemistry Epidemiology Biomedical Sciences Immunology Dentistry Oncology Biomedicine Physiotherapy Sexology Neuroscience Gynaecology Dermatoepidemiology Pharmacy and Nursing Angiology/Vascular Medicine Osteology Ophthalmology Haematology Kinesiology Critical care Medicine Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Clinical immunology Bariatrics Genomics and Proteomics Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy Radiobiology Cell Biology Geriatric Medicine Healthcare Services Healthcare Management Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
Paper ID : SMJ1511215511405
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Ahmed A. Soliman, Lama Ghandoura, Abdullah Al-Mutairi, Majda A. Addas, Razan Khafaji, Shoog Alqahtani, Shumukh Althobaiti,

Abstract : Osteoporosis is a major chronic health issue that affects the patient’s quality of life. Since most patients are asymptomatic, knowledge and awareness of osteoporosis and its risk factors are extremely important in disease progression and prevention. This study aimed to estimate the level of knowledge about osteoporosis and its relation with age, gender, and educational level among the general population in Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from July to August 2020 and included 412 randomly selected participants. A self-reported validated questionnaire was distributed online through social media applications. The questionnaire was divided into two sections: demographic data and knowledge about risk factors and general knowledge of osteoporosis. The majority of the participants were women (70.4%). Most participants were young adults (16–30-year-olds; 56.1%) and 59% had a bachelor's degree. Overall, 47.8% of the participants had good knowledge scores regarding osteoporosis. Pearson’s chi-squared tests showed no association between the participants’ level of knowledge about osteoporosis and their gender (p = 0.164), educational level (p = 0.425), or age (p = 0.346). Most of the representative residents of Jeddah had a good level of knowledge about osteoporosis, and there was no association between age, gender, or educational level and knowledge about osteoporosis. We recommend interventions to increase the level of knowledge about the disease.

Paper ID : SMJ1311215511403
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Abeer Aljahdali, Manal Hadrawi, Mohammed Aljahdali, Ahmed Mogharbel, Enam Danish,

Abstract : Introduction : This study aims to analyze the indications, effectiveness and side effects of Botulinum toxin in the management of Childhood Esotropia. Methods : A retrospective study of cases underwent botulinum toxin injection for Esotropia strabismus in King Fahad Armed Force Hospital (KFAFH), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. From the period 1st of Jan 2014 till 31st Dec 2018. For total of 116 patient. Success was defined as a residual angle of deviation of 10 prism diopter (PD) or less which allows for binocularity for at least 6 months. Result : A total of 81 cases were included. 45 males and 36 females. The mean age at 1st injection was 7.29 with range of 0.58 to 24 year old. The most prevalent diagnosis was partially accommodative esotropia (PAET). the overall success rate was 38.3%(31) with NAET and paralytic ET has the highest success with 76.9%(10) and 100%(2) respectively. Conclusion : Botulinum toxin represents a safe, repeatable alternative to surgery in the management of esotropia type of strabismus. Success rate differs in different diagnoses with NAET scoring the highest.

Paper ID : SMJ1311215511402
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Dewi Setiawati, Suryani As'ad, Irawaty Djaharuddin, Rahmawati Minhajat,

Abstract : Abstract—Objectives: The underlying immunological mechanisms of asthma in pregnancy are not fully understood. Pregnant women who tend to be allergic, exposure to several antigens causes activation of Th2 cells and production of Immunoglobulin E (IgE). This study aims to determine the differences of IgE levels in uncontrolled asthma, partly controlled, well controlled and women without asthma in pregnancy. Methods: This was a case control study conducted in Makassar Indonesia from November 2020 - June 2021. IgE levels were measured from blood samples and asthma control determined by GINA criteria. Result: Women with Asthma in pregnancy were 40 and 40 non asthma in pregnancy. Subject of asthma in pregnancy were 14 uncontrolled, 16 partly controlled and 10 well controlled. The mean age was not different between women with asthma in pregnancy and pregnant women without asthma ((28.025 + 5.17 vs 28.025 + 4.26). IgE levels were higher in pregnant women with asthma than pregnant women without asthma (529.8 + 688.11 vs 66.77 + 119.09 IU/mL: p=0.001). Serum IgE levels were higher in uncontrolled asthma compared with partly controlled (801.02+ 170 vs 476.93 + 143 IU/mL). IgE levels were higher in partly controlled asthma compared with well controlled (476.93 + 143 vs 72.75 + 26.47; p value = 0,001). Conclution: IgE levels were higher in women with asthma pregnancy compared with pregnant women without asthma and the highest levels of serum IgE levels were found in uncontrolled asthma.

Paper ID : SMJ1211215511401

Abstract : Background and Aim: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Healthcare workers are a high-risk group. Vaccination is the most effective defense against the virus. This study investigated the uptake of Hepatitis B vaccination among healthcare workers at the Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria. Methods: A structured questionnaire was used to collect the socio-demographic data and responses of 100 consenting clinical staff of the institution on the subject matter and the data was analyzed using the SPSS version 21.0 software package. Results: A total of 100 respondents participated in the study; 40(40.0%) males and 60(60.0%) females, with a male to female ratio of 1:1.5. The age range of the participants was 20 – 59years with a mean(±SD) of 38.3±11.0 years. Fifty-eight(58%) of the study participants had received at least a dose of the Hepatitis B vaccine while the remaining 42(42%) of the participants had not received any dose of the vaccine. The number of doctors who had received the Hepatitis B vaccine was significantly higher than that of non-doctors(p = 0.015). Age above 40 years, female gender, Good knowledge of Hepatitis B and being a doctor are positive predictors of vaccine uptake. Conclusion: Hepatitis B vaccine uptake rate in this study is low when compared to similar studies in Nigeria and the vaccination completion rate in this study is even much lower.

Paper ID : SMJ0911215511400
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Ahmad Azhar Misran, Wan Muhamad Amir W Ahmad, Nor Farid Mohd Noor, Wan Mohd Nazlee Wan Zainon, Nor Azlida Aleng, Farah Muna Mohamad Ghazali, Nuzlinda Abdul Rahman, Norsamsu Arni Samsudin, Mohd Nasarudin Adnan,

Abstract : The present study aims to determine the trend of patient attendance pre- and post-COVID-19 pandemic at the outpatient dental clinic of Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (Hospital USM), Kelantan, Malaysia. This is a retrospective study. This paper, in retrospect, reviews the total number of patients seeking treatment at the dental outpatient clinic, Hospital USM, with interest in the trends of patient attendance from 2017 (pre-pandemic) to 2020 (post-pandemic of COVID-19). Data were collected from the monthly total patient registry from the dental services department of Hospital USM. The IBM SPSS Version 26.0 was used for trend analysis. Meanwhile, the Minitab software determines the trendline of patient attendance and the Seasonal ARIMA analysis predicts the patient attendance for the following year. The analysis found that the year 2020 decreased in trend due to the global coronavirus pandemic. According to the seasonal trend from 2017 to 2020, the SARIMA (0,0,0) (1,1,1)12 model was selected. For 2021, the prediction value is performed monthly. This 30-day period is essential for further preliminary actions by the Hospital USM in planning the strategy to handle patients efficiently during the COVID-19 post-pandemic. The patient attendance is represented in the Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Averages (SARIMA). The coefficient for SARIMA was significant, indicating that this proposed model is a superior method.