Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:
Abstract : The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 infected human rapidly to the entire world causing pandemic leads many people got stress and anxiety. Pregnant women have a high risk of coronavirus infections due to their body change conditions. Therefore, pregnant women's condition and their physiological with/without COVID-19 infection might be influenced by the pandemic situation. This study is non-experimental study involving reviews of selected relevant articles from Pubmed and Google Scholar database; and selected completed clinical trials data from clinicaltrials.gov. In this review, we addressed obstetric management in a COVID-19 pandemic situation that includes infectious agent and diagnosis, disease transmission, symptoms, and their severity level, and the psychology of pregnant women. The results of obstetric management analysis showed that the timing visits of antenatal should be done in minimal contact; social distancing and personal protective equipment (PPE) in the antenatal care, delivery and postnatal care should be conducted. Pregnant women who positive COVID-19 should get treatment and observation, involving body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, blood analysis, and imaging. Trials data indicated the number of completed trials and their focus of study. Thus, obstetric management in the pandemic COVID-19 should be planned ahead, and professional health workers must be trained for assisting patient
Abstract : Aim: In this study, we aim to measure the prevalence of using activity trackers in students at health colleges in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and to compare the physical activity between the students who are wearing such these devices. Method: We performed a cross-sectional study among students who are enrolled in the academic year 2016–2020. We included all health college students. Arab Teens Lifestyle Study questionnaire (ATLS) was used to assess the self-reported physical activity. Results: In total, 258 students with a mean age of 23.36± 1.77 were included; 131 (50.8 %) of them were male. Majority of students (172, 66.7 %) were studying medicine, and more than half of them (52.3 %) are on their 6th year. As per our findings, 44.2 % of the total participants do not engage in physical activity. The percentage of using fitness tracker was 32.6 %; moreover, only 33 (51.5 %) students reportedly use it for 24 hours. The average number of steps, distance, and time per day was 5621.6 ± 3623.72, 8.93 ± 15.99, and 6.59 ± 9.82, respectively. According to gender, there was a significant difference in average time (hour) per day, showing higher time per day for female than male (8.97 ± 11.81 vs. 4.46 ± 6.97, p = 0.019). Conclusions: Our result showed that a third of the participants were using fitness trackers from both genders, and females were doing longer physical activity than males. Students’ awareness on the importance of engaging in physical activity should be further promoted.
Abstract : Background: COVID-19 first appeared as a cluster of pneumonia patients with no known cause in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Objectives: The study aimed to identify the attitude of women university student's towards vaccine and intension against COVID-19 Methodology: A descriptive study design was constructive to achieve the objectives of the present study for the period of (1-12-2020) throughout (25-2-2021),used to identify the attitude of Women University Student's towards vaccine and Intension against COVID-19. The setting of the study is carried out in Iraq. In University of Mosul is a public university situated in Mosul. The sample of the study a probability (simple random sample) of (N=100) undergraduate women student in different specialties would be selected. Data obtained by interview technique and analyzed by descriptive statistics such as number, mean, frequency, standard deviation. Results: the study finding indicated that the most respondents' attitudes levels towards vaccine and Intension against COVID-19 were moderate attitude (32%),(57%) poor attitude, and (11%) good attitude level. Conclusion: This study found that women university students do not have a sufficient basic attitude toward the COVID-19 vaccine, and that there is a need to explain topics relevant to the COVID-19 vaccine. In this regard, professional and non-governmental organizations should collaborate.
Abstract : Aim of the work: The aim of this study was to assess the potential efficacy of new drug therapy of HCV in treatment of HCV arthropathy and to find out if sero-conversion is related to relief of patients symptoms. Materials and methods: Patients having chronic hepatitis C infection with arthropathy underwent thorough medical history and clinical examination. The following tests performed; C - reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, liver function tests, HCV antibody test, polymerase chain reaction for HCV and rheumatoid factor. The included patients received the treatment of HCV in the form of dual therapy (Sofobuvir, Daclatasvir) or triple therapy (Sofobuvir, Daclatasvir and Ribavirin) for 3 months as secheduled. The patients underwent repeated clinical examination and laboratory assessment after completion of the treatment course and the achievement of sustained virological response (SVR). Results: The most frequent affected joints were the proximal inter-phalangeal (PIP) and the matacarpo-phalangeal (MCP) joint. On assessment of the patients' laboratory data before antiviral therapy and after SVR, there were statistically high significant improvement in the liver function tests, ESR and the number of RF positive cases. The joint affection frequencies showed also statistically high significant improvement. Conclusion: The current study concludes the high efficacy of the new drug therapy of HCV in treatment of HCV arthropathy, with significant reduction in
Abstract : Essential hypertension and its complication, a chronic heart failure, are one of the most common pathological tandems in practical cardiology. Linked etiologically and pathogenetically, they share a common path of progression, manifested by structural, functional, and humoral disturbances in cardiovascular homeostasis. In recent years, a member of the family of natriuretic peptides, brain natriuretic peptide, has taken the place of one of the biomarkers of myocardial and vascular remodeling processes, most often used in practical medicine; it is also positioned as a humoral antagonist of the activity of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which is the leading pathogenetic link in most cases of hypertensive cascade and CHF. This study aims to supplement the data on the use of BNP as a signaling indicator of changes in myocardial structure and function and calculate the screening threshold levels of peptide in uncomplicated and complicated EH in postmenopausal women with polymorphic variants of the BNP gene. It was revealed that the frequency of carrying the T381C genotype and the C allele significantly prevails among the polymorphic variants of the BNP gene in women 40-65 years of age. The highest level of plasma BNP concentration, which was 193,27 ± 2,98 pg/ml, was determined in women with EH complicated by CHF. In addition, carrying the C allele of the BNP gene is significantly associated with higher levels of peptide in the blood plasma of women in all the examined groups