About

Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal is an open access, monthly, peer reviewed International Medical Journal with focuses on publishes research conducted in all fields of medical, medicine. There is no restriction on the length of research papers and reviews, although authors are encouraged to be concise. Sapporo Medical Journal is a scopus indexed International Medical Journal that wants to publish original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medicine, General Medicine, Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody etc.
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Medicine Microbiology Biochemistry Pharmacology Pathology Forensic medicine Internal Medicine Physiology Anatomy Obstetrics and Gynecology Radiology Community Medicine Otorhinolaryngology Infectious Diseases General Surgery Cancer research Pulmonary Dermatology and Venereal diseases Orthopedics Neurology Anaesthesia Medical education Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology Neurosurgery Gastroenterology Nephrology Paediatrics Reproduction Dental Cardiology Surgery Nursing Otolaryngology Dermatology Diabetes Orthopaedics Hepatology Urology Psychology Anesthesiology Endocrinology Biotechnology Venereology ENT Psychiatry Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pulmonology Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Pharmacognosy Biopharmaceutics Phatmaceutical Technology Quality Assurance Pharmacodynamics Pharmacokinetics Drug Regulatory Industrial Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology Drug Design Affairs Phytochemistry Drug Delivery Systems Drug Discovery Pharmaceutical Microbiology Pharmacy Practice Hospital Pharmacy Clinical Pharmacy Pharmacogenomics Drug Metabolism Pharmacovigilance Toxicology Clinical Research Microbiology Phrmacoinformatics Life Sciences like Chemistry Epidemiology Biomedical Sciences Immunology Dentistry Oncology Biomedicine Physiotherapy Sexology Neuroscience Gynaecology Dermatoepidemiology Pharmacy and Nursing Angiology/Vascular Medicine Osteology Ophthalmology Haematology Kinesiology Critical care Medicine Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Clinical immunology Bariatrics Genomics and Proteomics Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy Radiobiology Cell Biology Geriatric Medicine Healthcare Services Healthcare Management Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
Paper ID : SMJ1911225611522

Abstract : .Background : Bone Mineral Density (BMD), which uses a specialized scan to measure the density of minerals present in bones, can be measured using Body Mass Index (BMI), which is a good indicator. The aim of this study to predict the BMD based on body parameters such as BMI , height and age . Method and Results a retrospective study were conducted at King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz hospital university between May 2022 and August 2022. Seventy patients were selected based on the selection criteria. DEXA scan done for hip joints and lumber spine .The data was coded and analyzed using SPSS version 26 , DEXA results are obtained in T & Z score , the study found 70 patients comprised 82.9% (n=58) female and 17.1% (n=12) male .The descriptive statistical evaluation results showed that the mean age of the patients was 61.31(±12.30) years and observed mean BMI was 29.98 (±6.92) kg/m2 ,this study found that had linear regression relation between T and Z score of hip joints and spine and patients BMI ( P < 0.0001) also showed that had linear relation between Z & T of spine score and patients height and age respectively. Conclusion This study concluded that can predict the Z & T score of hip joints and spine from patient’s body parameters such as BMI ,age and height

Paper ID : SMJ1511225611521
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Rudyanto Sedono, Asri C Adisasmita, Ratna Djuwita, Made Wiryana, Retno Wahyuningsih, Amal Chalik Sjaaf, Mardiati Nadjib, Syahrizal Syarif, Bachti Alisjahbana, Anis Karuniawati,

Abstract : Invasive candidiasis is the most commonly encountered fungal disease in intensive care units. Year after year, the mortality rate rises for a variety of reasons. Fungus colonization has drawn attention and been acknowledged as a separate risk factor for the emergence of invasive candidiasis. This has been demonstrated in numerous investigations using Candida colonization as a grading system and a tool for predicting the emergence of invasive candidiasis. This study is a prospective observational cohort study to examine the relationship between risk factors and Candida morphology change and colonization increase in axilla and rectal swabs in critically ill patient while considering time exposure of each factor. Inclusion criteria were ICU patients aged 18-70 years old who were predicted to stay more than two days, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores more than two. Parenteral nutrition, leukocyte day 1, old age and female have a hazard ratio more than one, which it means all risk was associated with Candida morphology change and colonization increase in axilla and rectal swabs. Further research is needed to determine the likelihood Candida morphology change and colonization increase in axilla and rectal swabs, such as system scoring. It will help clinician to know how to start antifungal administration.

Paper ID : SMJ0311225611518

Abstract : Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a fibrovascular retinal disease that affects the development of premature infants’ retinal vessels. Early retinal screening may play an important role to abolish visual loss among premature neonates. The current study was designated to report the local pediatricians’ and neonatologists’ perception of ROP screening protocols as well as its treatment. An anonymous self-administrated questioner was electronically distributed among pediatricians on a national scale. One hundred ten responded to the questionnaire. Nearly 87% worked in hospitals where ROP screening protocols existed. While the remaining had no screening protocol available in their facilities. Majority of study participants (91%) stated good information about ROP, however, less than 50% of them correctly reported sufficient information about ROP risk factors. Nevertheless, the majority agreed that screening programs are mandatory to be adopted within neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). They agreed that Laser photocoagulation therapy must be considered as the Soule treatment of choice. As Laser is superior to other modalities such as injectable anti-vascular endothelial growth factors and cryotherapy This concluded that most of national pediatricians do have sufficient information in regard of ROP that although junior residents still need to be weaponed with a comprehensive information about the disease.

Paper ID : SMJ3110225610513
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Zuhal Yassin Hamd, Huda I. AL- Mohammed, Lulwah A. Aldossari, Rasmaa R. Aldawsari, Hayam A. Almatrafi,, Sultanah M. Alkhalifah, Hissah F. Almutairi, Hana S. Alobthani, Reem F. Alkathairi, Basim A .Alhomida,

Abstract : In Saudi Arabia, colorectal carcinoma is the second most common type of cancer. According to the Saudi Health Council, 1,659 colorectal cancer cases were diagnosed in Saudi nationals in 2016, accounting for 12.6% of all newly diagnosed colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to detect colorectal cancer in Saudi patients by determining the diagnostic accuracy of contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT). This retrospective study was conducted in King Fahad medical city, computed tomography (CT) department during the period from February to May 2019. 54 patients were scanned using a convenience sampling technique, contrast-enhanced CT was performed, Sensitivity and Specificity of (CECT) were calculated to evaluate detection of colorectal cancer. A social science statistical package (SPSS) was used to analyze the data .The study found that there were 54 patients with colorectal cancer, 57.4% were males, while 42.6% were females. . The patients' average age was 54.28±13.171 years. Contrast enhanced computed tomography demonstrated an 87% accuracy of diagnosis, with a sensitivity of 89.36% and a specificity of 50% (P<05). The study concluded that CECT (contrast enhanced computed tomography) is a non-invasive imaging modality that used to diagnose and differentiate colorectal lesions., with a sensitivity of 89.36% and a specificity of 50%.

Paper ID : SMJ2410225610509

Abstract : Hypovitaminosis D can result from a disruption in any part of the vitamin D metabolism and can occur at any age. Common manifestations of vitamin D deficiency are symmetric low back pain, muscle weakness, muscle pain, and throbbing bone pain. Reduced bone mass combined with muscle weakness can lead to falls and fractures. The biologically active form of vitamin D, 1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol, exerts its effect on calcium and phosphate metabolism via specific nuclear receptors. One of the diverse biological roles of vitamin D is its effect on pain sensitivity. The nociceptive, neuropathic, and psychological components of pain are regulated by both the central and peripheral nervous systems. The immune system also has a role in pain through its effects on inflammatory processes. Studies have postulated an important role of vitamin D in the regulatory mechanisms of both central and peripheral components of pain sensitivity by its action on central pain sensitization and immune modulation. Vitamin D supplementation has been proven to be beneficial in the prevention and treatment of chronic pain conditions on several occasions. A host of new and more focused research involving large RCTs is necessary for this field.