Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:
Abstract : Abstract: Background: psoriasis is a multifactorial disease, where the genetic predisposition has a big role in the disease development. Rationale: few studies try to prove that null GSTM1 and GSTT1 associated with psoriasis development. Aim: to evaluate the role of null GSTM1 and GSTT1 on psoriasis development as a genetic risk factor. Material and method: diagnostic case-control study evaluate the availability and the role of polymorphic genotyping of GTMS1 & GTTS1in development of psoriasis, done in Thi-Qar University research unites , extended all-over the 2017. Equal number of well crossly matched psoriatic patients and control (100) of each group. Family history, smoking status , stressful event assessment and co-infection had been assessed well. Ethical consideration had been optimally taken from the ethical committee, ethical approval accomplished by verbal consents from all participants, P value < 0.05 consider as significant comparative cut. GSTT1, GSTM1and albumin genes had fully assessed by fully automated PCR, Deletion occurring when only albumin gene present without GSTM1or GSTT1. Result: among psoriatic patient the value of genotypes of GSTM1, GSTT1 and combined was present in a percent of (37,66 and 27%) while in control group (51,80 and 40%), that show significant difference, and role of protection was obvious, where the strength of association that expressed by odd's ratios that were less than one in all state of comparison.
Abstract : The first 1000 days of life period, which consists of 270 days during pregnancy and 730 days in the first 2 years of the baby's life, is a sensitive period. However, there was a period that was missed, namely the preconception period that is a critical stage for determining a successful pregnancy. This study aims to describe the incidence of obesity and other nutritional problems on preconception women in the Banggai Regency. This is the baseline from an experimental study on the effect of giving multi micronutrient supplements since the preconception period on blood glucose levels during pregnancy in Banggai Regency which was carried out since January 2020. There are 137 samples of preconception women in four districts (Luwuk, Luwuk Utara, Luwuk Selatan, and Nambo). Anthropometric measurements and hemoglobin levels are using standardized tools and procedures. We used univariate analysis. The prevalence of obesity was 36,5% (up to 50,4% with overweight), 67,9% central obesity, and 12,4% anemia and 13,9% chronic energy deficiency. In Banggai, six out of ten preconception women experience central obesity and being overweight. This will affect the health status of the pregnancy and birth outcomes. Interventions must be focused on preventing anemia and overweight that begins from the preconception period
Abstract : Malaria is one of the public health problems that can cause death. In 2017 it was estimated that 219 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide with 435,000 deaths globally. This study was conducted to see an overview of malaria cases in Pesawaran District in 2018. This is a descriptive study by analyzing according to people, place, and time to see an overview of malaria cases. Data analysis uses Stata and Microsoft Excel applications, and it is presented in tables and graphs. Malaria cases in Pesawaran District in 2018 were more prevalent in males (65%), in adults (51%), in Labor/Farmers/Fishermen (40%) followed by Students (25%). Malaria cases increased in July November with peak cases in October (222 cases). Most malaria cases were in Hanura Public Health Center, 491 cases. Most malaria cases were from indigenous cases (932 cases). Examination of malaria cases in Pesawaran District used microscopy 334 cases and examination used RDT 601 cases. Based on the results of laboratory tests, the most common type of plasmodium was Plasmodium Vivax (72%). Malaria cases were more prevalent in males than females, in adults, in Labor/Farmer/Fisherman, and increasing in July-November.
Abstract : Electrical injury is cause of burns that continues to be one of the most distressing trauma injuries in highly industrialized countries. In Indonesia, the number of electrical burns is still underreported. The aim of this study is to evaluate the profile of electrical burn patiens in Department of Plastic Surgery Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya period of 2014 – 2016. Methods: This research was a descriptive observational study by evaluating medical record with the number of samples was 19 electrical burn patients. The variables were burn wound etiology, gender, age, history of disease, degree of burn, percentage of burn, type of electrical burns, complications and comorbidities, amputation rate, and Length of Stay (LOS). Results: All patients with electrical burns were male with high voltage injuries, 7 (36.8%) patients were 26-35 years old, and respectively 1 (5.3%) patient had a history of pulmonary disease and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Electrical burns with mixed II-III degrees were found in 16 (84.2%) patients, percentage of burn 0-10% in 10 (52.6%), and LOS 11-20 days in 9 (47.4%) patients. There was complication of increasing transaminase serum in 6 (31.6%) patients. The number of patients who were not amputated was 14 (73.7%). Conclusion: This study revealed the most frequent electrical burns are encountered in male workers, reflecting the inefficiency of the electric energy system. It can be caused by the fact of the population’s low social and economic level.
Abstract : Urolithiasis is a situation where stones are found in urinary tracts. This disease is the third most common disease in the urinary system. The leading factors behind stone formation are including age, hormones, muscle mass, diet, body index, climate factors, fluid balance and urine PH. This study aims to discover the relationship between urine pH value and stone types in patients with urolithiasis. This study is an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional method using secondary data in the form of medical records from Urology department of Dr. Soetomo Regional Hospital 2019 - 2020. This study obtained 56 research samples, with the age group characteristics ranging from six - 76 years old. The average age was 49, 92 ± 12.91, on 43 men and 13 women. PH range that was most frequently found layes on pH 4.5 - 8.0. The average pH values were as follow: carbonate stones composition was 6.16, oxalate was 6.33, calcium was 7, phosphate was 6.38, ammonium was 6.33, while uric acid was 6.25.