About

Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal is an open access, monthly, peer reviewed International Medical Journal with focuses on publishes research conducted in all fields of medical, medicine. There is no restriction on the length of research papers and reviews, although authors are encouraged to be concise. Sapporo Medical Journal is a scopus indexed International Medical Journal that wants to publish original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medicine, General Medicine, Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody etc.
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Medicine Microbiology Biochemistry Pharmacology Pathology Forensic medicine Internal Medicine Physiology Anatomy Obstetrics and Gynecology Radiology Community Medicine Otorhinolaryngology Infectious Diseases General Surgery Cancer research Pulmonary Dermatology and Venereal diseases Orthopedics Neurology Anaesthesia Medical education Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology Neurosurgery Gastroenterology Nephrology Paediatrics Reproduction Dental Cardiology Surgery Nursing Otolaryngology Dermatology Diabetes Orthopaedics Hepatology Urology Psychology Anesthesiology Endocrinology Biotechnology Venereology ENT Psychiatry Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pulmonology Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Pharmacognosy Biopharmaceutics Phatmaceutical Technology Quality Assurance Pharmacodynamics Pharmacokinetics Drug Regulatory Industrial Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology Drug Design Affairs Phytochemistry Drug Delivery Systems Drug Discovery Pharmaceutical Microbiology Pharmacy Practice Hospital Pharmacy Clinical Pharmacy Pharmacogenomics Drug Metabolism Pharmacovigilance Toxicology Clinical Research Microbiology Phrmacoinformatics Life Sciences like Chemistry Epidemiology Biomedical Sciences Immunology Dentistry Oncology Biomedicine Physiotherapy Sexology Neuroscience Gynaecology Dermatoepidemiology Pharmacy and Nursing Angiology/Vascular Medicine Osteology Ophthalmology Haematology Kinesiology Critical care Medicine Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Clinical immunology Bariatrics Genomics and Proteomics Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy Radiobiology Cell Biology Geriatric Medicine Healthcare Services Healthcare Management Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
Paper ID : SMJ2704225604452

Abstract : Introduction: End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is a global health challenge that contribute to substantial patients’ morbidity and mortality. Optimizing the management of ESKD complications is a critical role of the dialysis care-team. In this study, we aim to explore the state of anemia and electrolytes control among our hemodialysis patients in order to facilitate initiatives aiming to optimize the management and outcomes of this population. Methods: in this observational study, we examined the characteristics and laboratory profiles of hemodialysis patients at a large tertiary hospital in Saudi Arabia. Data were analyzed and described using Microsoft excel analytic functions. Results: A total of 258 HD patients were included in this study. The mean age was 53.5±16.6, and 62% were male. Diabetes was the leading cause of ESKD (52%), followed by hypertension (21%). Half of the patients were using catheters as hemodialysis access. Forty-one percent of the patients had a hemoglobin level within the guidelines target (10 – 12 g/dL), while 44% had lower levels. For phosphate, only 34% of patient had a normal (target) phosphate level, with majority having hyperphosphatemia (58%). Conclusion: Anemia and hyperphosphatemia managements are suboptimal among our HD population, with unacceptable high rate of catheter use as a dialysis access. More efforts are needed to optimize the management of hemodialysis patients, ideally through a multidisciplinary contentious quality improvement.

Paper ID : SMJ2604225604451

Abstract : Analyzing the variations of nucleotide sequences in D-loop regions mtDNA can determine the identity of specific individuals or populations and maternal kinship. The Madurese population is an ethnic group that maintains its traditional customs in harmony with the religions they adhere to and endogamous marriage as their marriage pattern. This study applied PCR amplification and sequencing strategies on HVS-1 143 bp (nt 16268-16410) and HVS 2 126 bp (nt 34-159) of mtDNA D-loop regions. This study used buccal swab samples collected from 50 pure Madurese families consisting of a mother and two children. The homology analyses of female-female, male-female, and male-male siblings showed 11 variants or morphs in 126bp HVS-2 D-Loop mtDNA (nt 34-159). The highest variant were: female-female siblings (129GC: 15%), male sibling (120C  A: 11.5%) -female sibling (120C: A: 11.5%), and male-male siblings (131TC: 11.5). The homological analysis of female-female and male-female siblings showed 11 variants on 143bp HVS-1 mtDNA D-Loop (nt 16259-16410). The highest variants in female-female siblings were: 16387AG, 16387AC: 15%; male sibling-female sibling: 16393CT, 16393CA: 11.5%; while the homological analysis of male-male siblings showed 13 variants with the highest percentage: 16367AG, 16367AC: 11%.

Paper ID : SMJ2304225604450

Abstract : Background: The oculomotor or the third cranial nerve gives innervation to the four of the six extraocular muscles, namely the medial rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique. This cranial nerve is responsible for the upward and downward as well as adduction movement of the eyeball. It also retract the upper eyelid by innervating the levator palpebrae superioris muscle. Oculomotor nerve regulates the pupillary constriction via the parasympathetic nervous system. Oculomotor nerve palsy may affect any of these roles depending from its aetiology. Case presentation: We are reporting a case of complete right sided oculomotor nerve palsy secondary to carotid cavernous fistula in a poorly controlled diabetic patient. This patient had a complete right sided ptosis with the eyeball deviated to the ‘down and out’ position in keeping with dilated pupil. A magnetic resonance angiography had confirmed the diagnosis of carotid cavernous fistula of which an urgent embolization procedure was performed. Conclusions: Diagnosing an oculomotor cranial nerve palsy correctly and to determine its exact etiology is vital. A complete, pupil-involving oculomotor nerve palsy warrants an urgent radiological imaging as to accurately localized the lesion that give rise to the presenting symptoms.

Paper ID : SMJ1503225603445

Abstract : The outbreak of COVID-19 had a significant impact in terms of economic and social health. Because of the high mortality rate and the emergence of this health emergency condition, all scientists worldwide are attempting to investigate all types of biomarkers and markers that can be used as good indicators of symptoms, therapy, prognosis, and outcome COVID-19 patients. This study aims to compare Ferritin and CRP (C-Reactive Protein) levels in COVID-19 patients treated with pneumonia who survive and do not survive in the ICU Infection Center at Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital. The research uses a quantitative design with a cross-sectional study approach. The sample was taken from COVID-19 patients treated with pneumonia. Both survived and did not survive in the March-September 2020 period at the ICU Infection Center, Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo in Makassar. The research found no relationship between CRP levels and the ability to survive in the study sample group. Meanwhile, the ferritin levels of patients in the survival and non-survival groups showed a significant difference. The ferritin results in patients who did not survive were much higher than the ferritin levels in surviving patients. In this study, it was found that Ferritin is an essential factor affecting the severity of COVID-19. Ferritin is one of the factors that can be used as an indicator to assess the severity of patients with COVID-19

Paper ID : SMJ2802225602441
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : M.Hamsah, Rachmat Faisal Syamsu, Nasrudin A.M, Ida Royani, Nevi Sulvita Karsa, Nusratuddin Abdullah, Suryani As’ad, Agussalim Bukhari, Nabila Fajrin Budiman, Zherant Parningan Tammi, Nurul Maghfiratul Iffah,

Abstract : Background: Based on a 2013 World Health Organization (WHO) report, the world maternal mortality rate is 289,000. Nutritional status during pregnancy has a significant impact on the health of both mother and baby. Ajwa dates cover vitamins such as riboflavin, biotin, thiamine, folic acid, and ascorbic acid that are important for the body. This fruit can increase haemoglobin levels because it is rich in iron. This study aims to see the effectiveness of Ajwa dates on haemoglobin and nutritional status in pregnant women. Method: Pre-experimental is a research design with the method of two group pre-test and post-test, using two groups before and after being given interventions to find out the effect of Ajwa date consumption on haemoglobin and status nutrition levels in pregnant women. Result: Differences in haemoglobin levels of antepartum and postpartum groups intervention and control have a value of P-Value (0.000). Ajwa dates can increase haemoglobin levels in pregnant women by a difference of antepartum 1.67 g/d and postpartum 1.58 g/dl. The results of the intervention group's Protein Adequacy Level test and the control group after treatment had a P-Value (0,001), so that it can be concluded that there is a significant difference between the Protein Adequacy Level of the intervention group and the control group after treatment with a difference of 5.68% RDA. Conclusion: Ajwa Dates can increase haemoglobin levels and nutritional status of pregnant women during pregnancy.