Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:
Abstract : Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been linked to exposure to air pollutants and climate conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between COVID-19 mortality in Jakarta, Indonesia and fine particulate matter (PM2.5), carbon monoxide (CO) exposure, and climate variables (temperature, sunlight hours, humidity, precipitation, and wind speed). Meteorology station measurements of PM 2.5, CO concentrations, and climate conditions from May to August 2021. The second peak of COVID-19 infections happened in Indonesia at that time. Using COVID-19 daily mortality data and meteorology data, the linear regression test was used to evaluate the impact of ambient temperature and PM2.5 on COVID-19 mortality. Temperature and PM2.5 have been linked to COVID-19 mortality. An increase of 1 µg/m3 in PM2.5 concentration will result in an increase of 1.57 deaths. A minimum temperature increases of 1°C reduces 11.8 death cases. These variables may be taken into consideration when creating policy intended to regulate and stop the spread of new coronavirus chains in tropical nations.
Abstract : Background - Stroke is a disease with the highest mortality rate and high treatment billing disease in Indonesia. The prevalence of ischemic stroke (IS) is the greatest among all types of stroke where the incidence is 85% of the total stroke . In general, the purpose of this study was to understand the variation in billing in ischemic stroke inpatient services based on the determinant factors that influence it. Methods - The study design was a Non-Experimental Research Design with retrospective data from October to December 2019 and the unit of analysis was ischemic stroke patients who were treated at the National Brain Center Hospital (RS PON) Prof. Dr. dr. Mahar Mardjono Jakarta. Analysis is used to see the determinant factors that influence the variation in billing strokes. Results - The results of the study are expected to get an overview of billing variations influenced by the determinant factors observed, namely age, length of treatment (days), NIHSS score, comorbid (hypertension, tryglicerid and LDL), give positive contribution. While gender, speed of getting treatment after attack (hours), comorbid (diabetes, total cholesterol, HDL) are giving negative contribution. Conclusion - After descriptive analysis shows that hypertension, fasting glucose, LDL, length of stay and NIHSS score have an influence on total billing. However, after regression analysis showed that length of stay and NIHSS score were the variables that most influenced the variation in total ischemic
Abstract : Background and aim: The inability of a man to make his clinically fertile woman partner pregnant is known as male infertility. Several published studies have demonstrated that men who are infertile have a greater risk of chromosomal abnormalities than those who are fertile. Male infertility has been linked to various variables, including genetic and environmental factors. This study aimed to examine the hormonal changes and establish the incidence and kind of chromosomal alterations in infertile men with azoospermia and oligozoospermia. Materials and Methods: The traditional study of GTG-banded metaphases from cultured lymphocytes was conducted on 120 individuals with primary infertility. The retrieved data included medical history, family history, sperm analysis, and hormone profiles. The polymerase chain reaction was used to detect Yq11 microdeletions in all men with oligospermia/azoospermia with normal karyotypes. Results: The incidence rate of chromosomal abnormalities was 5.8%. A total of 65.8% of the men exhibited azoospermia, with 6.3% having chromosomal abnormalities. Oligozoospermia affected 33.3% of men, with 2.5% having chromosomal abnormalities. In 5.8% of cases (07/120), chromosomal abnormalities were detected. Two of the seven men had the karyotype of Klinefelter's syndrome, which is the most frequent numerical sex chromosomal abnormality. One patient had mosaic chromosomal aberration 46,XY (88%)/45,X (12%), and another had 46,XX (SRYpositive) chromosomal makeup
Abstract : Phlebitis is one of the common complications after peripheral intravenous (PIVC) cannulation, especially in admitted patients. Objective: This study aimed to determine the incidence of phlebitis after povidone-iodine (PVP-I) versus alcohol isopropyl scrubbings as antiseptics in PIVC in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). A randomized prospective study was conducted in Shar Teaching Hospital, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq, on 201 patients admitted to the ICU from January 2022 to September 2022. Patients were allotted into two groups. Group I (n=99) used povidone-iodine-10% scrub, and group II (n=102) used alcohol isopropyl-70% scrub for sterilizing the skin before PIVC. The study variables included age, gender, site of insertion, place of insertion, cannula size, past medical history, and reason for admission. Phlebitis stages were estimated using a visual infusion phlebitis score (VIPS). The phlebitis incidence in studied patients was 90.5% (87.9% in group I and 93.1% in group II). Most phlebitis cases were developed in patients aged >65 years that had hypertension and were associated with non-significant sex distribution, small catheter size (20 gauge), and insertion on a dorsal metacarpal vein on the right site after 72 hours of IV drug/fluid administration. There was no significant association (P>0.05) between the study groups' variables and their phlebitis stages concerning using different antiseptics. The phlebitis rate was much higher than the global standard rate,
Abstract : Quality and cost control policies for the National Health Insurance (JKN) program are currently developed in various measurement indicators. The development of service quality while still paying attention to aspects of hospital efficiency also continues to get wider space. In addition, for Social Insurance Administration Organization (BPJS) or the is very important for the use of Big Data in the development of the JKN Evidence Based Policy program. The aim of this study is determine the structural model of the quality of BPJS advanced referral health facilities based on the Malcolm Baldrige criteria. A cross sectional study using secondary data from BPJS Health Facilities Quality Index 2017 which specifically measures based on Malcolm Baldrige's criteria. Model development was analyzed using the SmartPLS application to produce a quality model design for advanced referral health facilities (FKRTL). The results of the analysis showed that the Service Quality model based on Malcolm Baldrige's criteria describes the entire dependent variable as a good model with an R2 value of 0.782. From the results of the analysis it was also found that the dependent variable which had a large influence was the measurement analysis and knowledge management variable and Process variable.