Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:
Abstract : Objective: to study under-five mortality trend and top killers in Basrah Governorate, Iraq for 2012-2018. Methods: This is a descriptive, retrospective study implemented during the period from 15th of March 2020 to 30th of December 2020 in Basrah Governorate to study under-five mortality rates time trend for the years 2012-2018 included all under-five registered deaths. A sample of 1000 death certificates is taken to elicit neonates top ten killers. Results: In general, for targeted years under-five mortality rate and infant mortality rate dramatically decreased while the neonatal mortality rate took slight decrease. Male under-five mortality rate was more than female under-five mortality rate. The majority of deaths occurred in hospital in comparison to house and other places. First killer disease in neonates was newborn respiratory distress. Conclusion: Under-five mortality rates shows dramatic decrease for 2012-2018. Mainly in the neonatal period, the majority of deaths occurred in infanthood. Key words: Under-five, mortality, rate, trend, top killers, Iraq, Basrah.
Abstract : Objective: coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), was first reported in Wuhan, China late December of the year 2019. Aim of our study is to find out how do Saudi medical students perceive the COVID-19 pandem-ic. It also aimed to investigate their positive attitudes, if any, towards their profession after this pan-demic. Methodology: This was a perceptual questionnaire -based cross-sectional study that targeted medical students in Saudi Arabia. It took place via the distribution of an electronic questionnaire Results: The number of participants was 563 students. The number of male 243 (43,1%), female students were 320 (56,9%). Junior years students were 197 (35%) Senior years students were 366 (65%). Conclusions: Saudi medical students have satisfactory perception about the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, they have better intentions for career opportunities to serve their communities.
Abstract : Aim: to evaluate the feasibility and safety of primary closure sutures for the common bile duct compared to T-tube usage, post laparoscopic, common bile duct (CBD) exploration for treating choledocholithiasis associated with cholecystolithiasis. Methods: Patients with choledocholithiasis accompanying cholecystolithiasis who underwent a failed ERCP procedure were included in this four-year- retrospective study in the period from January 2015 until December 2018. They were divided into two groups; group I: included those who had primary suturing closure of CBD, while group II were those who underwent a T tube insertion technique. Patients’ data including the pre, intra, and post-operative outcome were evaluated. Results: Forty-three patients were included; they were 26 females and 17 males with the ratio of (1.5 to 1). G I (n= 28) were those with primary closure suturing technique. While G II (n= 15) had a T tube inserted. During the first postoperative day, total drainage was not high among G I patients compared to those of G II. No significant statistical difference existed between the two groups as regards the total bilirubin level (TBL) post-surgery. This facilitates the short time of removing the T tube among G I patients. Conclusion: Primary closure sutures of the common bile duct is a safe and feasible post choledochotomy procedure.
Abstract : Burns are a global public health problem. Problems that are often found in burn patients are wound problems, infections, sepsis, and others. Infections can be caused by bacteria, virus and fungi. Infection in burn patients may trigger an increase in morbidity rates that lead to longer hospitalization and require greater costs. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the correlation of the types of bacteria that infect burn patients and the length of stay of bacteria-infected burn patients. Methods: This study was a descriptive study by collecting data retrospectively of burn patients in period between January – December 2015 from patient medical record in burn center of RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya.The data was analyzed using excel. Results: The number of patients collected was 61 patients, of whom 41 patients were infected with bacteria. Gram-negative bacteria is the most common infectant in burn patients among them are Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumanni, Enterobacter spp., Proteus spp. and Escherichia coli. The length of stay of burn patients who infected with bacteria was twice longer that of uninfected burn patients. the average duration of treatment for uninfected burn patients was 0-10 days whereas the length of treatment period for infected burn patients averaged 11-20 days.
Abstract : Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a rare histiocytic disorder that typically affects children. The clinical presentation of this disease is characterized by single or, rarely, multiple yellow and brown skin nodules, most often found on the face and neck. Internal organ involvement has been sporadically observed in JXG and is associated with an increased risk of serious complications. We report a case with a giant form of JXG.