Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:
Abstract : The pattern of food consumption and a wrong lifestyle can spur the emergence of oxidative stress, especially in adult humans. Oxidative stress can be inhibited by consuming foods that contain high antioxidants. Red dragon fruit contains a high source of antioxidants. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of red dragon fruit (Hylocereus costaricensis) as a functional food in maintaining lipid profile levels under normal conditions (prevention of dyslipidemia) in adults. This study is a clinical experimental study with a pre and posts randomized controlled group design. This research used a quantitative analytic research type with an experimental study approach, using the RCT (Randomized Controlled Trial) method. The sample was taken by purposive sampling with a simple random sampling method. The intervention group was given red dragon fruit in 180 grams/day for 15 days. Levels of blood lipid profiles were measured before and after treatment. Data were analyzed by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for data normality test. Paired t-test to determine the difference in mean pretest and post-test in one group after treatment. Independent t-test to determine differences in the mean difference between pretest and post-test between groups given different treatments and nutritional intake from food due to 24 hours of food recall was analyzed using the Nutrisurvey program.
Abstract : Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem, as its prevalence continues to increase the incidence of kidney failure, poor prognosis, and high treatment costs from year to year. Reduction function and the number of nephrons caused kidney dysfunction, so a buildup of substances that are not needed by the body and electrolyte disturbances appears. The study aimed to determine the relationship between serum sodium and potassium electrolyte levels in patients suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD). Analytic observational research by cross-sectional design was applied. The study was conducted on 30 patients with chronic kidney disease in RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang. Data collected were conducted by Na and K electrolytes, and they were analyzed by the Iodine Deficiency Disorders (GAKI) laboratory in the January-March 2020. Data were analyzed and presented on average ± SE, correlation statistics, Pearson and Spearman regression with significance levels of p <0.05. The Research Ethics Commission approved this study. The results showed was not significant a correlation of potassium (K) with age (p = 0.405; r = 0.158). Potassium and ureum was significantly the relationship positive (p = 0.003; r = 0.522). The relationship between potassium and creatinine was significantly positive (p = 0.024; r = 0.412). Conclusion there was a significant serum K relationship with urea and creatinine
Abstract : An indicator of the quality of handling emergency patients is the speed of assisting (response time). Delay in handling emergency patients can be fatal. One of the causes of errors and delays in providing action to patients in the emergency department is the excessive workload that results in high activity so that the body experiences Fatigue. Physical Fatigue is indicated by decreased reflex motion quality. The decrease in motion reflex impacts the decrease in emergency handling services (response time). The research objective was to identify the effect of nurse fatigue on the response time for handling emergency patients in the Emergency Room during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research method was correlation design with a cross-sectional approach and obtained 21 nurses in the emergency department. The instrument used to measure Fatigue was the Fatigue Severity Scale. The response time for handling emergency patients was installed by an emergency department entirely (100%) according to the time category based on ATS 1,2,3,4,5, with a value median of 57 seconds, which is seen from the response time most of the respondents (52.4%) less than 57 seconds, while the Spearman Rank test analysis obtained p-value 0.600> α 0.05 with a value of r: 0.121, this shows that fatigue effects on the response time for emergency patients, with a very weak positive correlation, which indicates that the higher the degree of Fatigue, the more response time slows down.
Abstract : Background: Obesity is a pathological condition where there is an excessive or abnormal accumulation of body fat from what is needed for normal bodily functions. Being overweight is a normal weight. It has a high advantage compared to excess fat. Method: This study used a quasi-experimental pre-post test design with a control group design. The population in this study was first-grade elementary school children in Menteng Palangka Raya IV SDN. The sampling technique uses simple random sampling, with a sample of 32 respondents in the preparation group and 66 respondents in the control group. Data analysis uses a normality test and homogeneity test. Results: The results of the statistical test obtained no difference in the student body between the control group and complexity (p> 0.05), the difference in substance was 2.449 kg, the interval of 95% difference was 2.03 kg - 2.45 kg. Conclusion: The difference was 2,449 kg. However, statically, there was no significant difference in student body weight between the control and setting groups.
Abstract : Adolescence is a transitional period that is a vulnerable age. Suppose it is not getting correct reproductive health information and obtained from appropriate sources. In that case, the school environment, residence, and mass media can trigger adolescents' development in understanding reproductive health. Throughout 2011, the National Commission received 22 cases of complaints about pornography by junior and senior high school students. Meanwhile, according to Baby Foundation data, it was reported that 83,7% of elementary school children of IV and V grade were meticulously addicted to pornography (National Commission for Child Protection 2011). The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of Social Media based counseling: email on adolescent sexual behavior in the city of Bogor. The research design uses the Quashi Experiment approach. This research uses an experimental type of research because of a treatment (treatment) applied by researchers. The quasi-experimental design used in this study is the design after and before the control (pretest and posttest with a non-equivalent group). Results: The results showed that adolescent sexual behavior was better (towards the positive) in the group receiving counseling than the group that did not receive counseling (p-value = 0.033). As an input to develop social media-based social media counseling services such as email, WA, BBM, Line, SMS, etc., regarding sexual and supporting activities Guidance and Counseling.