About

Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal is an open access, monthly, peer reviewed International Medical Journal with focuses on publishes research conducted in all fields of medical, medicine. There is no restriction on the length of research papers and reviews, although authors are encouraged to be concise. Sapporo Medical Journal is a scopus indexed International Medical Journal that wants to publish original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medicine, General Medicine, Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody etc.
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Medicine Microbiology Biochemistry Pharmacology Pathology Forensic medicine Internal Medicine Physiology Anatomy Obstetrics and Gynecology Radiology Community Medicine Otorhinolaryngology Infectious Diseases General Surgery Cancer research Pulmonary Dermatology and Venereal diseases Orthopedics Neurology Anaesthesia Medical education Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology Neurosurgery Gastroenterology Nephrology Paediatrics Reproduction Dental Cardiology Surgery Nursing Otolaryngology Dermatology Diabetes Orthopaedics Hepatology Urology Psychology Anesthesiology Endocrinology Biotechnology Venereology ENT Psychiatry Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pulmonology Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Pharmacognosy Biopharmaceutics Phatmaceutical Technology Quality Assurance Pharmacodynamics Pharmacokinetics Drug Regulatory Industrial Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology Drug Design Affairs Phytochemistry Drug Delivery Systems Drug Discovery Pharmaceutical Microbiology Pharmacy Practice Hospital Pharmacy Clinical Pharmacy Pharmacogenomics Drug Metabolism Pharmacovigilance Toxicology Clinical Research Microbiology Phrmacoinformatics Life Sciences like Chemistry Epidemiology Biomedical Sciences Immunology Dentistry Oncology Biomedicine Physiotherapy Sexology Neuroscience Gynaecology Dermatoepidemiology Pharmacy and Nursing Angiology/Vascular Medicine Osteology Ophthalmology Haematology Kinesiology Critical care Medicine Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Clinical immunology Bariatrics Genomics and Proteomics Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy Radiobiology Cell Biology Geriatric Medicine Healthcare Services Healthcare Management Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
Paper ID : SMJ2501215501235
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Dr. Ashwaq Jabbar Al-Miahy, Iman Jaber Hasen, Dr.Hasan J. Hasan,

Abstract : Hypercholesterolemia is usually known as the presence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood, it closely related with the hazard of coronary heart disease and a possible indicator for early development of atherosclerosis. Octacosanol is one of policasanol components , policasanol is a mixture of higher aliphatic alcohols produces from isolation and purification of sugar cane wax (Saccharum officinarum)is one of the cholesterol-lowering drugs. Statins are the inhibitors of hydroxymethyl glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase. They are mostly used to treat hyperlipidaemia. Thirty sixhealthy adult female rats. Weights and age of animals were (200-250 gm) and (10-12) weeks respectively they are Inducted to be hypercholesterolemicof 200 mg/dl .octacosanol extracted from Sugar cane plant (Saccharum officinarum)and determined by using gas chromatography – mass spectrometry (GC/MS).Animals were divided into 6 groups ( 6 rats per group) : all animals were treated orally for 8 weeks as the following: The first group (Control): animals were given Dimethyl Sulphoxide (DMSO) orally only 0.2 ml/ animal per day. The second group were only hypercholesteroled and given 0.2 ml/ animal per day of Dimethyl Sulphoxide (DMSO). The third group were hypercholesteroled and given Atorvastatin at dose (0.02 mg/ animal per day. The fourth group were not hypercholesteroled and given only Atorvastatin at dose (0.02 mg/ animal per day). The fifth group were hypercholesteroled and given Standard octacosanol at dose (0.02 mg/ animal per day). The sixth group animals were hypercholesteroled and given Extracted octacosanol at dose (0.02 mg/ animal per day). Serum levels of aldosterone , cortisol, T3 and T4 were determined by radio immunoassay. Results showed significant decrease of aldosterone and cortisol in hyperlipidemic group than control group , Also aldosterone levels in hyperlipidemic group that treated with atorvastatin were significantly decreased than those of control group. Results of T3 and T4 in groups treated with octacosanol –both the extracted and standard - were significantly decrease than those in animals of control group, while in groups treated with atorvastatin the levels of these hormones were modulated than those in control group.In conclusion both octacosanol and atorvastatine modulate aldosterone, cortisol, T3 and T4 hormones in female rats.

Paper ID : SMJ2301215501233

Abstract : Background: Maternal mortality rate was still high around 359 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2012 in Indonesia. The cause of death was associated with early fertility. Aim: This study aimed to identify the determinants of early fertility in Indonesia. Methods: The data used was derived from the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS). The analysis of this study used bivariate analysis with Chi-square test and multivariate analysis with logistic regressions. Results: The study showed that 36.7% of respondents who lived in rural gave birth at less than 20 years of age compared to those who lived in urban (25%). About 47.7% women were no education and primary education. About 39.6% women with lower wealth index were more likely to be young mother. Logistic regression analysis found that the early fertility associated with residence (OR=0.81; 95% CI=0.74-0.88), secondary education (OR=0.04; 95% CI=0.03-0.06), higher education (OR=0.10; 95% CI=0.08-0.14), middle wealth index (OR=0.81; 95% CI=0.73-0.90), upper wealth index (OR=0.86; 95% CI=0.77-0.97), and contraceptive use (OR=1.21; 95% CI=1.11-1.33). Recommendation: The early fertility case could be reduced by providing family planning program in Indonesia. Married women need more information on risks of early childbirth and contraceptive methods. Increasing women’s education was an important effort for a better life.

Paper ID : SMJ2201215501232
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Hanna Palahniuk, Maryna Babii, Olena Sakovych, Iuliia Pashkova, Olena Maiko, Svitlana Franchuk, Vadym Zhebel,

Abstract : Nowadays the influence of polymorphism of the ET-1 gene on the plasma levels of this peptide in patients with essential hypertension and congestive heart failure is poorly understood. 191 men were examined: 79 from the control group, 62 with uncomplicated essential hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy, and 50 men with essential hypertension and congestive heart failure IInd-IIIrd classes. All patients were between the age of 40-60 years, and were residents of the Podillya region in Ukraine. Lys198Lys genotype and the Lys allele of the ET-1 gene dominate among residents of Podillia region in Ukraine. In patients with essential hypertension the level of ET-1 was significantly higher than that of the control group, with the highest concentration of peptide in individuals with congestive heart failure IInd-IIIrd classes. In men carriers of Lys198Lys genotype, the plasma concentration of ET-1 was significantly lower than in carriers of the Asn allele. In carriers of genotype Lys198Lys the highest level of peptide in plasma was determined in patients with congestive heart failure IInd-IIIrd classes. Men with uncomplicated essential hypertension with left ventricular hypertrophy, carriers of Lys198Lys genotype were more likely to encounter 2nd degree hypertension and carriers of Asn allele – 3rd degree hypertension respectively. In patients with congestive heart failure IInd-IIIrd classes, carrier of the Asn allele was seen to be associated with 3rd degree hypertension.

Paper ID : SMJ2101215501229
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Suryadi Tjekyan, Pariyana, Iche Andriyani Liberty,

Abstract : Background: Hypercholesterolemia is one of the major risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) that takes the most lives in the world today. This study aims to develop a nutritional model that is effective for hypercholesterolemia patients in maintaining a normocholesterolemic condition after receiving short-term anti-hypercholesterolemia drug therapy. Methods: This research was a descriptive study with cross-sectional design. A descriptive survey was carried out in the community regarding the menu of hypercholesterolemia patients as a risk factor for hypercholesterolemia in Palembang along with a literature review to build a Theoretical Model, then continued with Nominal Focus Group Discussions and then carried out the construction of an Operational Model, namely nutritional pattern management involving nutritionists. The samples in this study were 374 residents in Palembang City. The sampling technique was purposive sampling. Data analysis in this study was carried out descriptively and analytically using the Chi-square test. Results: There was a significant difference between the cholesterol level category and the diet in the form of menu categories, food processing methods and daily total calories (p value = 0.000) p <α. Conclusion: There is a significant association between cholesterol levels and dietary patterns, food processing methods and total calories per (p value = 0.000) p<α.

Paper ID : SMJ1901215501227
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Ida Ayu Indira Dwika Lestari, Fatma Lestari, Mila Tejamaya, Amal Chalik Sjaaf, Ida Bagus Made Widiadnya,

Abstract : The oil and gas industry deals with hazardous materials, uses high-risk processes, still uses a lot of manpower, and uses large and complex equipment facilities construction. Therefore, the implementation of occupational health and safety is needed in the oil and gas industry. In this study, the development of a CBA model for the implementation of occupational safety and health will be carried out in oil and gas contractors in Indonesia by exploring the relationship between prevention costs and benefits. The aim is to see the side of the economic impact on the effective / ineffective OHS management by oil and gas contractors. This research uses quantitative and qualitative approaches. The analysis is based on these quantitative numbers. The results show that the existence of an evaluation analysis of the benefits of implementing OHS based on an economic perspective that has a significant relationship in improving working conditions is a profitable investment. Cost benefit analysis can be used as a parameter in making decisions related to occupational health and safety implementation. With the OHS CBA model, the contractor can predict the amount of cost that is issued to benefit from the implementation of occupational health and safety.