Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:
Abstract : Introduction: Awareness about variations in response to treatments and diagnostic cut-off values for iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in special patient populations is crucial. This study aims to determine the knowledge level about IDA diagnosis and management. Method: This is a cross-sectional study in Saudi Arabia, using an online questionnaire distributed to family and internal medicine physicians. Results: Among 76 participants, 28.9 % diagnose IDA based on either iron study or complete blood count separately. Around half of the participants are aware of ferritin cut-off values to diagnose IDA among the general population during pregnancy, while only one-third are aware of values in-patient with heart failure and chronic kidney disease. Further, 57.9% of participants' diagnoses based on a local reference range rather than international cut-off values. Additionally, 17.1% would assess response to treatment within 2 to 6 weeks of treatment while the remaining either evaluate after three months or do not follow up at all. Similarly, only 77.6% perform work up to establish the underlying cause of IDA. Conclusion: IDA is a common health issue though knowledge about diagnosis and management is suboptimal. This is likely attributed to the misperception that diagnostic values and treatment responses are universal among different patients.
Abstract : Background: Fractures of the femur are popular problems among children and adults, A proper modality of treatment that is the external fixation with minimally invasive technique is less cost and easily applied as an available option that can be regarded as a well-tolerated definitive procedure until complete union of the fracture specially in resource constrained centers in developing countries where specialized implant and instrumentation is not always available. Aim : To study the method of treatment of femoral shaft fracture in children at the age of more than 7 yrs. old, and to select the proper modality that is always present and easy to get in our city and also to check the efficacy of external fixation in compared to internal fixation by plate and screws, and to determine the management outcome. Material and method: A comparative analytical study extended all over the past three years, including all children exposed from femoral shaft fracture, where 1st group composed of 15 children underwent external fixation, while the 2nd group was of 10 children, who underwent internal fixation. The socio-demographic characters chosen to be nearly was of no significance difference, the outcome was the targeted subjects inform of infection, leg length discrepancy, gait abnormality…etc, link of association and difference studied by SPSS version25Results: Gender show no significant difference where Chi-Square=0.108a , P value =.534 , odds ratio= 1.114, regardin
Abstract : This research aims to identify the potential spread of COVID-19 from aspects of activities outside the home, inside the home and immunity factors that related to the risk of transmission based on age, education, residence and employment hopefully it can become an effective policy and action reference in handling COVID-19. The research design used a cross-sectional random sampling technique and the collection of data used Google forms media. Format questions used in the form of 3 categories of self-report activities outside the home, inside the house, and immunity factors. The results showed that activities which have a high risk of transmission of COVID-19 are in the adult age group, residence: at village, education; at Junior High school, occupational groups: at company employees, laborers/freelancers. The implementation of health protocols (using masks, washing hands and keeping your distance) supported by comprehensive policy steps that pay attention to psychological, social and economic aspects and even security can strengthen efforts to control COVID-19 by paying attention to the above characteristics as well as supervision and control by the government and the private sector. and society.
Abstract : Background: Increase in the frequency of malignant thyroid neoplasms is currently so pronounced among the Saudi Population. Aim: This five-year retrospective study was performed to report a holistic view about malignant goiter in a local district of Saudi Arabia. Patient and Methods: Five-year retrospective study took place from December 2015 to January 2020. Patients’ records were reviewed to distill their sociodemographic, clinical presentation, nature of surgery and the glandular pathological results. Results: A total of 72 patients underwent surgery. The female to male ratio was found to be 3.8:1 (49 females and 23 males). Patients’ age ranged from 16 to 74 year with the mean of 41.2 ±12.4 (mean ± SD). The commonly encountered carcinoma was of the papillary type in 56 patients (77.7%) while the remaining 16 showed follicular carcinoma in 12 (16.7 %) and 4 (5.5 %) presented with lymphoma. Conclusion: Thyroid cancer is apparently increasing among the studied sample. This need further investigations for an accurate elaboration of the cause, the commoner thyroid malignancy in the current study setting was papillary cancer compared to follicular malignancy and lymphoma. Although the sample size of this retrospective study may not be so accurate to highlight the problem it may raise the necessity of having further prospective studies on larger cohort.
Abstract : Introduction: Telogen effluvium is a temporary form of excessive hair shedding, and it can occur due to a variety of physical or mental stressors. This study aimed to observe the relationship between hair loss and anxiety among male and female in Poly Clinic at King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia. Methods and Material: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in Polyclinic at King Faisal University. A well-structured questionnaire was distributed among males and females. Results: The prevalence of hair loss associated with anxiety was 21.7% (n=82). The most frequently mentioned reason for hair loss was lack of vitamins (26.2%), followed by psychosocial disorder (18%). In univariate analysis, nationality, history of the stressful event, having recurrent, irresistible urges to pull out hair from the scalp and taking medication were all significantly influenced hair loss associated with anxiety. In the multivariate regression model, history of the stressful event, used of Minoxidil hair spray and those who seek treatment for anxiety were the significant independent factors associated with anxiety. Conclusions: Hair loss associated with anxiety were minimal. Stress used Minoxidil spray and seeking treatment for anxiety likely to be the reason for hair loss associated with anxiety. Meanwhile, lack of vitamins, psychosocial factors and hereditary influence branded as the reason for hair loss.