About

Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal is an open access, monthly, peer reviewed International Medical Journal with focuses on publishes research conducted in all fields of medical, medicine. There is no restriction on the length of research papers and reviews, although authors are encouraged to be concise. Sapporo Medical Journal is a scopus indexed International Medical Journal that wants to publish original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medicine, General Medicine, Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody etc.
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Medicine Microbiology Biochemistry Pharmacology Pathology Forensic medicine Internal Medicine Physiology Anatomy Obstetrics and Gynecology Radiology Community Medicine Otorhinolaryngology Infectious Diseases General Surgery Cancer research Pulmonary Dermatology and Venereal diseases Orthopedics Neurology Anaesthesia Medical education Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology Neurosurgery Gastroenterology Nephrology Paediatrics Reproduction Dental Cardiology Surgery Nursing Otolaryngology Dermatology Diabetes Orthopaedics Hepatology Urology Psychology Anesthesiology Endocrinology Biotechnology Venereology ENT Psychiatry Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pulmonology Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Pharmacognosy Biopharmaceutics Phatmaceutical Technology Quality Assurance Pharmacodynamics Pharmacokinetics Drug Regulatory Industrial Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology Drug Design Affairs Phytochemistry Drug Delivery Systems Drug Discovery Pharmaceutical Microbiology Pharmacy Practice Hospital Pharmacy Clinical Pharmacy Pharmacogenomics Drug Metabolism Pharmacovigilance Toxicology Clinical Research Microbiology Phrmacoinformatics Life Sciences like Chemistry Epidemiology Biomedical Sciences Immunology Dentistry Oncology Biomedicine Physiotherapy Sexology Neuroscience Gynaecology Dermatoepidemiology Pharmacy and Nursing Angiology/Vascular Medicine Osteology Ophthalmology Haematology Kinesiology Critical care Medicine Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Clinical immunology Bariatrics Genomics and Proteomics Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy Radiobiology Cell Biology Geriatric Medicine Healthcare Services Healthcare Management Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
Paper ID : SMJ2209205408123
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Roro Nur Fauziyah, Sudijanto Kamso, Budhi Setianto, Purwantyastuti, Osman Syarief, Surmita, Heni Hendriyani, Gurid PE Mulyo,

Abstract : Background: Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) Metabolic Syndrome Incidence of the National Cholesterol Education Program at 40 years and above 24 % and WHO 21 %. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the US was 25 %, 31 % in Padang City, Jakarta, and 21.6 %. Fermented black glutinous rice has a phenolic, flavonoid, anthocyanin, and fiber component believed to prevent regulated metabolic syndrome. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between fermented black glutinous rice consumption and the prevention of metabolic syndrome at age 40 and above in West Bandung Regency, West Java Province. Design: The research used a case-control design. Samples in this study were respondents aged 40 years and over in West Bandung, West Java province, with 57 cases and 57 controls. Data were collected through interviews and physical examinations. Results: The cut-off point at least daily intake of fermented black glutinous rice can prevent the occurrence of metabolic syndrome by more than 11,5 grams per day. The percentage of metabolic syndrome is greater than the proportion of respondents who eat black fermented glutinous rice ≤11.5 grams a day (82.1 a cent). The proportion of non-metabolic syndrome was higher among respondents who used fermented black gluten. Conclusion: It can be inferred that people who eat more than 11,5 grams a day of fermented black glutinous rice have a preventive effect on the occurrence of metabolic syndrome nine times with control variables of

Paper ID : SMJ2209205408122

Abstract : Congenital heart disease causes pulmonary arterial hypertension, heart failure, and early death. Pulmonary arterial hypertension causes pulmonary arterial wall remodeling, inflammation, deposition of extracellular matrix protein, collagen synthesis, and fibrosis. This study aims to analyze the effect of Pomegranate extract on pulmonary arterial pressure in Sprague Dawley rats with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Twenty-four Sprague Dawley rat age 3-month bodyweight 250-350 gram allocated randomly into Pomegranate extract and control group, 6 rats in each group. Pulmonary arterial hypertension.was induced with monocrotaline 60 mg/kg body weight injected subcutaneously. Pulmonary arterial pressure both groups were measured at 2 weeks and 4 weeks of observation. Rats were euthanized after 2 and 4 weeks of observation. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure the Pomegranate extract group was significantly lower compared to the control group in two weeks and four weeks of observation, 27,57±9,17 mmHg vs 47,48±5,58 mmHg (p=0.001) and 32,43±9,64 mmHg vs 46,53±5,53 mmHg (p=0.001) respectively. Pomegranate extract can decrease pulmonary arterial pressure in Sprague Dawley rats with pulmonary arterial hypertension induced by monocrotaline. Pomegranate extracts effective preventing the progressivity of pulmonary arterial hypertension in the rat.

Paper ID : SMJ2209205408121
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Fauziyah, Roro Nur, Pardina, Selly Finka,

Abstract : Hypercholesterolimia becomes one of the factors of vascular disease. The abnormal total cholesterol levels result in inhibition of blood vessels because it can cause atherosclerosis. Anthocyanin that contains in Fermented Glutinous Black Rice as one functional food is recommended to lower total cholesterol levels. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of fermented Fermented Glutinous Black Rice to total cholesterol levels. This study method used two group pre test and post test experimental design. This research was conducted in January 2017 - February 2017. Samples are residents of Budiharja Village, Cililin sub-district, West Bandung regency, men and women aged over 36 years old with menopause women excluded. The sample of the study amounted to 36 people. The sample was divided into two study groups of each of 18 samples. Before and after the intervention, total cholesterol levels were examined in both groups. Also performed SQFFQ and recall 1x24 hours every three days during the study. The results of the analysis with Dependent T-test of the intervention group showed a decrease in initial total cholesterol levels of 224.61 mg/dL became 194,11 mg/dL with p<0,001. The analysis result with Mann Whitney Test showed that there is decrease total cholesterol level between intervention group and control group (p <0,001). So, one of the way to decreasing the total cholesterol levels could be started by consuming Fermented Glutinous Black Rice.

Paper ID : SMJ2109205408120
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Nabila Ananda Kloping, Novira Widajanti, Teddy Heri Wardhana, Komang Agung Irianto,

Abstract : There are still limited data about postoperative delirium (POD) in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of delirium in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgeries and understand its related predictors. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study done in an orthopedic hospital with medical record from January 2016 to December 2019. The subjects were over 60 years old who underwent major orthopedic surgeries (arthroplasty, internal fixation, and spine surgery). POD was diagnosed using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). Univariate and Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the possible predictors for delirium. Among 201 patients, there were 20 cases (10%) of POD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that patients with postoperative anemia [OR: 5.189 (1.086– 24.803)], given general anesthesia [OR: 9.194 (1.713 – 49.333)], limited mobility [OR: 17.575 (1.646 – 187.627)], and suffers from sleep disturbance [OR: 35.925 (8.143 – 158.497)] were more likely to develop delirium. POD’s predictor seen in geriatric patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery were mobility restriction, sleep deprivation, postoperative anemia, and general anesthesia. These predictors will help to identify patients with high risk of delirium and could be a potential target for intervention.

Paper ID : SMJ2109205408119

Abstract : During the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, burnout emerges as a critical health problem that might involve workers in many occupations, particularly healthcare personnel. Although burnout syndrome is not necessarily proved to be nosologic, it yields serious physical, mental, and social outcomes. However, it is essential to provide practical strategies and effective tools for people so that they can adapt to such highly stressful situations. This mini literature review aims to present the burnout history briefly and provides a summary of its major effects, causes, and prevalence among healthcare workers. Also, some strategies are listed to be employed by hospital medical staff and organizations to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic.