Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:
Abstract : Introduction: Bronchial asthma is the most common chronic disease and considered as major public health issue worldwide. Influenza infection can exacerbate asthma symptoms which increase the rate of hospitalization. Influenza infections precipitated about 80 % of asthma exacerbation. Different immunization programs recommended annual influenza vaccination as main prophylactic measure. Purpose: To determine the efficacy and safety of influenza vaccination in protecting against influenza-related asthma exacerbations among children with asthma in eastern region in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A prospective comparative cross-sectional study conducted among parents of children with asthma in eastern region in Saudi Arabia. Study include Children with asthma whether they received annual influenza vaccination or not. Data collected from the parents by using self-administrated questionnaire. Results: Study included 362 asthmatic children 132 (36.5%) had received the seasonal influenza vaccine. As for effect of receiving the vaccine, only 21.2% were hospitalized for asthmatic attack after vaccination, 17.4% hospitalized during last 2 weeks after vaccinations, asthma was controlled among 78% of vaccinated children, and 75% reported that frequency of asthmatic attacks reduced after vaccination. Conclusion: Immunization of influenza vaccine in child with asthma was effective and safe in decreasing respiratory illnesses and asthma-related events that exacerbation and hospitalization.
Abstract : This is the first research to identify the characterization of " Klebsiella pneumoniae", a multidrug-resistant plasmid circulating in Iraq. The goal of our work was to examine the distribution in clinical K. pneumoniae of the antibiotic resistance genes of ESBLs from UTI patients as well as identification and classification of K. pneumoniae plasmids associated with virulence and antimicrobial resistance by using Replicon Typing based on PCR (PBRT). Medical isolates of this bacteria in this analysis has been isolated from UTI patients. ESBLs-manufacturing K. Pneumoniae was preliminarily tested and validated by various phenotypic approaches using cephalosporin disks. There was also an antimicrobial susceptibility examination. For identification of genotypics, CTX-M, TEM, and SHV ESBL genes were determined by PCR. PBRT was performed by PBRT 2.0 KIT (Diatheva, Italy, 2020), and provided that ESBLs resistance transfer assay was performed by conjugation. The "ESBLs" were observed in (80.53%) of K. pneumoniae. Overall, bla "CTX-M" was the commonest genotype (95.6) by PCR. The replicons could be determined in ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae strains; 29 replicons were detected in CTX-M producing K. pneumoniae strains" HI 1; HI 2; I1α; I 2; X 1; X 2; X 3; X 4; L; I1y; N; FI A;FI B; FI C; FI I; F IIK; FIB- KN; FIB- KQ; W; Y; P1; I 1 A/C; T; K; U; R; B/O; HIB-M and FIB-M". The TEM replicons and SHV were detected 28 replicons. New replicons P1, N2 and X4 were detected in 'ESBLs producing K.
Abstract : There are various complaints or problems during menstruation that are usually experienced by a woman, but the most problem was discomfort or intense pain, this was commonly called dysmenorrhea or menstrual pain. Exercise was a non-pharmacological method to reduce dysmenorrhea pain. The purposed of this study was to examine the effectiveness of exercise modification "Kak Erfita" on reducing menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea) in adolescents. The design of this study was a quasi-experimental with the pretest-posttest control group design technique. The research subjects were adolescent at one of junior high school in South Jakarta in 2019. The results showed that there was a significant influence on the intervention group compared to the non-intervention group in cycle I with a value of p = 0.037 (p <0.05) and there was also a significant influence in cycle II with a value of p = 0.018 (p <0.05). "Kak Erfita" exercise modification to reduce menstrual pain. The more often the exercise "Kak Erfita" was carried out, the lower level of menstrual pain will be felt. Exercise "Kak Erfita" can be a routine sports activity at school to reduce menstrual pain in adolescents.
Abstract : Martial arts are a sport that focuses on speed and individual strength to attack and avoid opponent attacks that require physical fitness. Optimal physical fitness is a factor that determines the performance of an athlete which is influenced by various factors including age, gender, exercise, genetics, and body composition (fat mass and body mass index). Previous studies have shown the relationship between fat mass and body mass index and fitness levels that have not been known to be associated with martial arts athletes. Martial arts athletes must adjust their weight to the class they are participating in so that sometimes the body mass index is above normal. This study aims to determine the relationship between fat mass and body mass index with fitness levels in martial arts athletes. A cross-sectional research design was carried out to see the relationship between fat mass and body mass index with fitness levels in martial arts athletes. The location of this research was conducted at a martial arts training center in West Java in April 2018 - September 2018. The results of the Pearson correlation test showed a negative correlation between fat mass and fitness (p = 0,000 and r = -0,729) and there was a negative correlation between body mass index. with fitness (p = 0.002 and r = -0.420). The greater the fat mass and body mass index, the lower the fitness level in martial arts athletes.
Abstract : Objectives: The increasing prevalence of diabetes has become a challenge for global health professionals. Health coaching is one of the approaches used in self-management in diabetes patients. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of health coaching on 3 and 6 months of glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes. Methods: This literature study was conducted in a randomized controlled trial design that used health coaching interventions in people with type 2 diabetes, while the control group used usual care. The electronic databases used were PROQUEST, SAGE, WILLEY and CINAHL published between January 2010 and December 2020. The outcome measured was the effect of intervention on changes in HbA1c levels at 3 and 6 months from the baseline. Results: We found 5 selected articles of the 72 articles that were screened, of these 5 articles 3 articles had low bias and 2 articles had some concern. Health coaching intervention had a significant effect on decreasing HbA1c levels at 3 and 6 months compared to usual care. The health coaching method used uses face to face, telephone, text or a combination. Coaching can be carried out by health professionals or peers who have been trained. Conclusions :Health coaching is an effective approach to glucose control in type 2 diabetes patients.