Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:
Abstract : The recent COVID-19 pandemic has imposed a great global challenge. Patients with chronic illnesses may have drug adherence difficulties during the curfew. The aim of this study is to evaluate medication adherence among chronic patients during the pandemic era, and to report this section of the population’s knowledge and perception of the health services within the same period. A cross sectional questionnaire-based survey was performed. It was electronically distributed to people from Gulf Cooperation Council nations with a special emphasis on Saudi Arabia. Included in this study, were those who suffered of chronic diseases, respondents who did not suffer any chronic illness were excluded. Our study results have shown that 1066 of the participants suffered of chronic diseases. Among them; 78 different chronic disorders were encountered. Those who were not regularly adherent to their medications during the pandemic era, constituted 29.2% of the study population, 68.3% expressed hesitancy to visit healthcare centers during that time. This was attributed to their fear of contracting the viral infection. In conclusion, Chronic patients during the COVID-19 pandemic may have a higher morbidity and mortality risks. This may be explained by their reluctancy to visit the health care facilities. They should be targeted by further educational programs to encourage them for a regular health facility visits to keep adherent to their medications. The social media may have a great role.
Abstract : Cleft lip and palate incidence is influenced by various factors. Many studies about maternal risk factors have been investigated, but it results variedly. This study wants to give a glimpse about maternal profile of cleft’s patient in Indonesia. The data was collected from 2014 to 2018, from social service held by Hayandra Peduli Foundation. The data collected primarily, and 604 subjects obtained. The most common age group was 30-39 (41.5%) with 27.2% of all subjects were under 20 or over 35 years old of age. Most of the subjects (94.21%) have education level below diploma, still presumably related to low socioeconomic status of the family. Most of the patient (99.8%) already had routine antenatal care during pregnancy period to health officers and most of them went to midwife’s office (58.6%). Events related to pregnancy which related to cleft incidence and were recorded in this study: preterm birth (5%), history of miscarriage (13.4%), and serious illness and/or complication during child birth (5.6%). In this study most of the subjects (96.2%) consume fruits and vegetable at least once a week, while seven subjects (1.2%) were active smokers, and 70.2% of subjects were passive smokers. 18% of subjects had had an exposure to x-ray during their pregnancy period. Several maternal risk factors in Indonesia, including socioeconomic, events during pregnancy, history of previous miscarriage, dietary and smoking habits, and environment factors, possibly held accountable for cleft in
Abstract : This study focused on the management of cardiovascular medicines (CVMs), as cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the great public health problem globally and in Mongolia. The ABC (Always, Better and Control) and VEN (Vital, Essential and Non-essential) analyses were emphasized in the comprehensive manual for Drug and Therapeutic Committees which has been developed by the World Health Organization (WHO). These are the analyses involve aggregate data such as annual consumption and cost as well as clinical importance of the medicines. We aimed to identify the cardiovascular medicines needing strict management control, used at the Cardiovascular Center (CVC) in Mongolia by conducting ABC, VEN and ABC-VEN matrix analyses. The Category I (AV, AE, AN, BV and CV), which requires strict management control contains the vast majority (70.97%, 81.25% and 78.8%) of the total cardiovascular medicines analyzed and constituted the biggest amount of the total expenditures at 87.3% (116890484 MNT - Mongolian tugrik – the official currency of Mongolia), 89.53% (95107593 MNT) and 87.56% (129608248 MNT) in 2016, 2017 and 2018 respectively. ABC, VEN and ABC-VEN analyses should be carried out routinely in order to manage medicines effectively and properly at the Cardiovascular Center.
Abstract : Studies have found that daily oral 5000 IU vitamin D3 is safe to avoid insufficiency, recover from insufficiency, and avoid toxicity. Thus, this study would like to support the findings that daily oral dose of vitamin D3 for 5000 IU is still safe by following up patients who take daily oral 5000 IU vitamin D3 for four years in various diseases. 14 subjects with various diseases were recruited for this study. Subjects were administered oral vitamin D3 5000 IU daily with informed consent and blood vitamin D level was tested on study entry and follow-up. Subjects were divided into 2 groups based on their blood vitamin D level test follow-up time. The first group consisted of 12 subjects who were followed up once in the range of 1-4 years. The second group consisted of 3 subjects who were followed up every year for 4 years. One subject was included in both groups. The first group who were followed up once in the range of 1-4 years did not have a significant increase in 25(OH)D serum concentration and did not reach toxicity level. The second group which was followed up every year for 4 years had their 25(OH)D serum concentration increased but the increase was also affected by the disease they had. Daily oral 5000 IU vitamin D3 dose is safe proven by 25(OH)D serum concentration not passing 100 ng/ml which is still below 150 ng/ml, where adverse effects are usually present.
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Resistant hypertension has been identified as one of the causes for hypertensive patients failing to reach their blood pressure target. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the prevalence of resistant hypertension amongst elderly hypertensive patients (aged 60 years and above) and the factors associated with resistant hypertension.METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study incorporating a questionnaire was used in this study and was conducted between July 2018 to February 2019. Adherence to anti-hypertensive medication was assessed by using the 14-item Hill-Bone Compliance to High Blood Pressure Therapy Scale. RESULTS: A total of 594 patients aged ≥ 60 years were studied. The mean age was 70.28 ± 6.74 years with 57.8% (n=343) being female. The mean systolic blood pressure was 144.93 ± 14.12 mmHg while the mean diastolic blood pressure was 77.67 ± 8.64 mmHg. The proportion of patients with resistant hypertension was 66.3% (394/594). In univariate analysis, factors found to significantly associated with the presence of resistant hypertension were gender, educational level and age (p<0.05). In multivariate analysis, it was found that older age and those of a lower educational level were determinants of having resistant hypertension. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of resistant hypertension among elderly patients was very high. Groups found to have a higher risk of developing resistant hypertension should be targeted during health campaigns or consultations.