About

Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal is an open access, monthly, peer reviewed International Medical Journal with focuses on publishes research conducted in all fields of medical, medicine. There is no restriction on the length of research papers and reviews, although authors are encouraged to be concise. Sapporo Medical Journal is a scopus indexed International Medical Journal that wants to publish original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medicine, General Medicine, Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody etc.
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal
Sapporo Medical Journal

Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Medicine Microbiology Biochemistry Pharmacology Pathology Forensic medicine Internal Medicine Physiology Anatomy Obstetrics and Gynecology Radiology Community Medicine Otorhinolaryngology Infectious Diseases General Surgery Cancer research Pulmonary Dermatology and Venereal diseases Orthopedics Neurology Anaesthesia Medical education Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology Neurosurgery Gastroenterology Nephrology Paediatrics Reproduction Dental Cardiology Surgery Nursing Otolaryngology Dermatology Diabetes Orthopaedics Hepatology Urology Psychology Anesthesiology Endocrinology Biotechnology Venereology ENT Psychiatry Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pulmonology Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Pharmacognosy Biopharmaceutics Phatmaceutical Technology Quality Assurance Pharmacodynamics Pharmacokinetics Drug Regulatory Industrial Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology Drug Design Affairs Phytochemistry Drug Delivery Systems Drug Discovery Pharmaceutical Microbiology Pharmacy Practice Hospital Pharmacy Clinical Pharmacy Pharmacogenomics Drug Metabolism Pharmacovigilance Toxicology Clinical Research Microbiology Phrmacoinformatics Life Sciences like Chemistry Epidemiology Biomedical Sciences Immunology Dentistry Oncology Biomedicine Physiotherapy Sexology Neuroscience Gynaecology Dermatoepidemiology Pharmacy and Nursing Angiology/Vascular Medicine Osteology Ophthalmology Haematology Kinesiology Critical care Medicine Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Clinical immunology Bariatrics Genomics and Proteomics Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy Radiobiology Cell Biology Geriatric Medicine Healthcare Services Healthcare Management Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
Paper ID : SMJ1309205408110
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Ossama M. Zakaria, Wejdan A. ALmustafa, Malak I. Sabeela, Noorah A. Al Hejji, Maathir N. Alhumam, Sarah K. Alomar, Naif M AlHamam, Mohamed Yasser Ibrahim Daoud,

Abstract : COVID-19, an RNA virus that is a member of the Coronaviridae family is currently considered a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). This obligates the implementation of special universal precautions and guidelines. Saudi Arabia (SA) followed the WHO guidelines by adopting the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) as a guard against this infection. The aim is to report the knowledge and perception about COVID-19 infection and its protective measures. These include hygienic tools and PPE. The study targeted the inhabitants of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) with a special emphasis on SA. A cross-sectional anonymous Arabic language questionnaire-based study was performed. It included forty-four questions to gauge the correlations between sociodemographic data, knowledge and perception of preventive tools against COVID-19. The study included 3278 participants. The majority of the sample (98.5%) lived in SA. Excellent knowledge and perception about COVID-19 prevention were noted in 16% of the respondents. Most participants (70.6%) wore gloves after a proper hand hygiene. Moreover, 97.1% had employed face masks in public. Fortunately, 98.7% followed the WHO guidelines of social distancing. The Gulf inhabitants, particularly those of SA, are more knowledgeable with a positive attitude towards the proper hygienic tools and PPE in preventing COVID-19 infection. This may be attributed to the comprehensive Ministry of Health protective guidelines.

Paper ID : SMJ1009205408109
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Ossama M. Zakaria, Fatemah A. AlBshr, Mohamed N AlMulhim, Saleh A AlMulhim, Abdullah AlMaqhawi, Abdullah AlMulhim, Aisha M AlZuhair, Naif M Alhamam, Haytham M AlArfaj, Mohamed Yasser Ibrahim Daoud,

Abstract : Background: COVID-19 viral infection outbreak poses a great challenge to the global health facilities including those in Saudi Arabia. The current study aimed to evaluate the Saudi community perception and knowledge about COVID-19 pandemic. It also assessed the psychological impact and the guidelines to control the outbreak. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional anonymous Arabic language questionnaire-based survey was conducted targeting the Saudi populations. Results: Seven hundred and twenty one Saudi participants were included in this study. Most of them (n=503, 69.8%) reported satisfactory knowledge and information about COVID-19. Moreover, they mostly agreed (n=707, 98.1%) that implementing the Saudi Ministry of Health (MOH) guidelines is crucial to control the pandemic. Anxiety and stress were highly pronounced among 297(41.2%) of the studied sample. However, they reported different conflicting opinions about the community tools to control the infection outbreak. Conclusion: The current study participants were fully acquainted with COVID-19 pandemic and its preventive measures. Yet, this does not concur with the high registered number of COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. Hence, further studies with higher population numbers may be needed for further clarity of the COVID-19 community perception.

Paper ID : SMJ1009205408108

Abstract : We developed a thematic, Indonesian-translated version, of Pediatric Symptom Checklist 17 (PSC-17) to assess the prevalence of the behavioral problem in the adolescent population. This study is a cross-sectional study aiming to assess the validity and reliability of PSC-17 in the Indonesian language. A questionnaire of seventeen questions was prepared to assess behavioral problems in the form of attention, internalizing, and externalizing symptoms. The study population is adolescents aged 15-17 years old in Gorontalo City, Province of Gorontalo, Indonesia. Subjects were asked to self-answer the questionnaire. The scale of the problem in internalizing, attention, and externalizing subscales were calculated from the obtained results. Validity was measured by using Pearson correlation strength test and reliability was measured by using Cronbach’s Alpha reliability test. As many as 384 participants were enrolled, in which 380 complete answers towards the PSC-17 Indonesian Version were obtained. Pearson correlation strength test showed that PSC-17 is valid under the Pearson r product moment of df = 378 under two-tailed alpha α = 0.05 (p<0.001). Cronbach’s Alpha reliability test showed high reliability of the PSC-17 (α=0.821). Based on our findings, Indonesian version PSC-17 is a valid and highly reliable set of questions to assess pediatric behavioral problems, especially in the adolescent population.

Paper ID : SMJ0909205408107

Abstract : Intradialytic parenteral nutrition is a complementary route of nutritional administration to treat the 5th renal stage hemodialytic malnourished cases. Multiple clinical studies have elucidated contradictory suggestions regarding Intradialytic parenteral nutrition efficacy and validity. This review displays a comprehensive assessment for the use of Intradialytic parenteral nutrition, the controversy over indications, benefits, and risks, as well as summarizes the current recommendations for Intradialytic parenteral nutrition indication and variable health outcomes.

Paper ID : SMJ060920540887
Sapporo Medical Journal
Author : Fred Agung, Gurid PE Mulyo, Agustina Indri Hapsari, Dadang Rosmana, Ichwannudin,

Abstract : The height of prenatal is a risk factor for the Length of newborn infants. Other risks that may affect the Length of a newborn infant are the Body Mass Index (BMI), the age of prenatal during their early pregnancy, the low intake of energy and protein, and the history of chronic energy deficiency. The goal of the research is to determine the various factors related to the Length of newborn infants. The results were expected to provide the determinants of newborn infant length, which can be predicted before pregnancy until the date of labor. The result can be used as a basis to determine the appropriate intervention in the prevention of stunted children. The study design is cross-sectional, with a total sample of 46 prenatal. The Spearman correlation test showed that only three variables could be included in the prediction models with p < 0.25. It was the height of mothers before pregnancy (RS = -0,027; p=0,060), the energy intake of pregnant women with in the last month pregnancy (RS: 0,553; p=0,00), and protein intake of pregnant women with in the last month of pregnancy (RS=0,42; p=0,002). Prediction model produces in Multiple Linear Regression Line Equation is the length of newborn infant = 57.268 - Protein intake 0,075x average - 0.079 x height before pregnancy + 0.002 x intake of energy last one month + 0.090 x intake Protein 1 last month. It is recommended that pregnant women with short stature need more energy intake during pregnancy, especially in the last month of pr