Sapporo Medical Journal aims to distribute and expand medical data to the World as well as build a supportive and vibrant community of researchers to connect and explore ideas by publishing articles related to all fields of medicine. Sapporo Medical Journal believes that quality and ethical research. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:
Abstract : This assessment was grasped to investigate the apportionment of etiological masters and antimicrobial resistance plan among the blood culture-positive cases of neonatal sepsis admitted to a measurement III neonatal thought unit in a demonstrating clinical facility Kolkata, Eastern India for the hour of 4 years (2014 – 2017). Blood culture was cultivated for all newborn children surrendered with clinical sepsis or with positive sepsis screen by means of automated BACTEC 9050 structure. In positive cases, recognizing confirmation of animal was done trailed by antimicrobial affectability testing by Kirby Bauer plate dispersal technique using Clinical Research Center Standard Organization Rules. Multi-quiet impediment (MDR) was described as the closeness of assurance from at any rate three of the five enemy of microbial social occasions if there ought to emerge an event of gram-negative infinitesimal living beings. Chi-squared test was performed to test the connection between different social events. Out of 4781 examples of clinical neonatal sepsis, 415 (8.68%) were culture positive. In 240 (69%) cases, the pathogens had a spot with the family Enterobacteriaceae. Gram-positive cocci speak to 38 (11%) occasions of positive blood culture cases. Klebsiella is the superior powerful administrator with positive in 187(54%) of every single bacterial isolate. Enterobacteriaceae positive youngsters had 90 (36.9%) passing which is in a general sense higher than that related with others. Kl
Abstract : Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is a major gynecologic hassle, with numerous remedy options. A good sized percentage of these sufferers go through hysterectomy. to analyze the hormonal milieu at the tissue degree, we semi-quantitatively assessed the estrogen and progesterone receptors in the endometrial samples of fifty DUB sufferers, by way of Immunohistochemistry. We observed a big boom (p < 0.001) within the concentration of both estrogen and progesterone receptors in patients with dysfunctional uterine bleeding, in comparison to the regular populace. We also mentioned a substantial growth inside the endometrial thickness (p < 0.001) of sufferers with easy endometrial hyperplasia. Our look at demonstrates the position of estrogen and progesterone receptors in the etiopathogenesis of dysfunctional uterine bleeding and within the alteration within the morphology of endometrium, consisting of easy endometrial hyperplasia. We suggest the usage of progesterone antagonists and selective progesterone receptor modulators within the remedy of patients with dysfunctional uterine bleeding, especially in people with endometrial hyperplasia, who convey the longtime danger of endometrial carcinoma with sustained endometrial estrogenic stimulation.
Abstract : There are different key pointers of smoking discontinuance and upkeep, for instance, Nicotine dependence, smoking outcome trusts, smoking peril perceptions, self-feasibility to quit smoking and objectives to stop/reduce smoking. Close by these factors, prosperity capability is one factor that might be unfavorably associated with final products A cross-sectional assessment was coordinated among 100 smokers visiting the Dental Out Patient Department of the Oxford Dental College, Bangalore. Part's measurement nuances were recorded and an affirmed overview was controlled assessing their nicotine dependence, smoking outcome trusts, risk acknowledgment, self-ampleness and desires to change lead. Part's prosperity capability level was reviewed using the Rapid Estimate of Adult training in solution. Data procured was bankrupt down using SPSS programming interpretation 22. Mann Whitney/Chi-Square test and Adjusted Hierarchical Multiple Regression assessment were done to choose the connection between prosperity capability and smoking end markers. Among 100 smokers, 49 had a spot with high prosperity instruction and 51 had a spot with low prosperity capability social affairs. The most essential mean nicotine dependence was among the low prosperity instruction gathering (2.3±0.5) and the p-regard was tremendous (0.04). Individuals with lower prosperity capability had continuously constructive and progressively constructive outcome trusts when appeared differently in relation to individua
Abstract : To survey the information, attitude, and practices on Bio-clinical waste control among rehearsing dental specialists in Visakhapatnam city. the current move-sectional survey investigates transformed into completed in Visakhapatnam town. The inspected test covered 41 alumni and 248 postgraduate specialists. The review was planned over a length of 15 days. data was aggregated utilizing a self-regulated poll. Of 289 (100%) watch members, 241 (83.4%) were men and 48 (16.6%) have been women. among 289(100%) look at members, more than 3-fourths, i.e., 241 (88.4%) knew roughly BM squander time and enactment, though 23 (6.8%) each didn't perceive and have been not, at this point mindful of it. There is a decent degree of data and awareness about BM squander age perils, enactment, and control among social insurance faculty in Visakhapatnam city. typical following and instruction are as yet required in any regard levels, and there's a requirement for driving forward with dental preparing on dental waste control practices to these dental specialists.
Abstract : This assessment was away for investigating lycopene activity on cyclooxygenase and lipid peroxidation in dexamethasone-treated Wistar rodents. Twenty (20) male Wistar rodents weighing between 150g-250g were aimlessly picked into four get-togethers containing five rodents each. Control rodents got standard feed and water. Social affair two got 3mg/kg body weight of dexamethasone intraperitoneally at regular intervals for 9 days. Social affair 3 got 3mg/kg body weight of dexamethasone intraperitoneally at regular intervals for 9 days notwithstanding step by step oral association of 1mg/kg of lycopene for 28 days. Results showed that there was no basic qualification in the activity of dexamethasone and lycopene on COX and THX-A 2 in all of the social affairs. Dexamethasone extended AST ALT and ALT level. Treatment with Lycopene in a general sense (p<0.01) lessened AST, ALT, and ALP in all of the social events. Lactate dehydrogenase development was generally (p<0.01) lessened in the dexamethasone and further carried downward on treatment with lycopene when appeared differently in relation to the DEX gathering. Malondialdehyde (MDA) obsession in Dex was extended (p<0.01), Catalase activity was lessened while SOD center was not changed. Treatment with lycopene Significantly (p<0.01) reduced serum MDA and extended catalase obsession. Triglyceride and LDL sections of the lipid were brought up in Dex with a decreased HDL anyway without alteration in complete cholesterol level. Lycopen